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Professor Malcolm Bell
Diploma in Surveying (Leic). MSc Design Technology (UMIST)
Professor of Surveying and Sustainable Housing
m.bell@leedsbeckett.ac.uk

Professor Malcolm Bell

Malcolm Bell is Professor of Surveying and Sustainable Housing. He has managed housing renewal and maintenance programmes in a number of local authorities and has over 20 years research experience in surveying and housing. For the last 10 years he has focused on technical and policy issues relating to the development of sustainable housing. He is chair of the Energy Partnership (a not-for-profit company set up to assist with Home Energy Conservation Act strategies in North Yorkshire) and head of the Centre for the Built Environment.

He has co-authored two books on energy efficiency and housing, a review of Part L of the building regulations for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation (all with Lowe) and numerous other journal and conference publications. He served on the DETR’s Steering Committee and Industry Advisory Group (dwellings) for the review of the Building Regulations - Part L 2002 and was chair of the Industry Advisory Group Working Party on existing buildings for the 2005 review. Current research projects include two government funded field trials of a prototype regulatory standard for housing and a number of other building regulation projects on condensation risk and airtightness in housing.

Industry Background
Housing Renewal and Housing Maintenance Management. Board member of The Energy Partnership (a company set up to implement Home Energy Conservation Act policies in York and North Yorkshire), Board member of York Housing Association.

Academic Background
Over 20 years experience of teaching and research in the design and maintenance of the built environment.

Membership of Research Groups
University CIB contact, Member of TG 37 (performance based regulation), Member of the Design, Research Society.

Research Interests
Energy efficiency and sustainability in existing and new housing. Management and maintenance of housing and the development of sustainable housing policies. Building regulation for sustainability.

Teaching Interests
Lectures in Design, Maintenance Technology & Management, Sustainability and Energy Management to students on built environment courses such as, Architectural Technology, Building Surveying, Construction Management and Facilities Management.

Inaugural Lecture
Achieving a Sustainable Housing Stock: Applying What We Know

Research Projects / Colaborations (1995 – Present)

1991 to 1995 - York City Council
York Energy Demonstration Project - field trial of energy efficiency improvements to 230 existing houses (2 projects)
York's Great Energy Experiment - graphic

1994 – 1996
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York
1. Literature Review on energy efficiency on housing.
2. Directory of energy efficient housing in the UK and overseas.

1996 - 1997
York City Council
Home energy Conservation Act 1995 – Research for York’s initial report to the DETR - baseline efficiency and future strategy.

1997 - 1998
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York
Research into part L of the Building Regulations as a contribution to the UK Government’s review. This work is being used by the DETR in their review and consultation in 1998/99.

1998 - Present
Member of Steering Panel on a review of part L. of the Building
Regulations. For the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.

1999 - 2003
PII project - A field trial of housing energy standards post 2005. A project to assess the application of efficiency standards in the context of the development of building regulations beyond the year 2005. The assessment will include design and construction processes and the post occupancy experience of 20 houses built to very high energy standards (space heating reductions of some 85% are expected).

2001 to Present
DETR PII project - A field trial of housing energy standards in Masonry housing. A companion project to the DETR & Joseph Rowntree Foundation project above.

2003 – 2008
Member of the Faber Maunsell research consortium (FMnectar) responsible for research in support of building regulatory development, under the Building Operational Performance research framework agreement with the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, UK Government. Total value circa £5,000,000.

2003 – 2004
Chair of Working Party 3 of the Industry Advisory Group advising the UK Government on the review of Part L of the Building Regulations.


Recent Publications (1995-Present)

Authored Books

Bell, M., Lowe, R. J. and Roberts, P. (1996) Energy Efficiency in Housing. Aldershot, Avebury, ISBN 185972-348-9. Energy Efficiency in Housing - graphic

Lowe, R. J., Bell, M. and Johnston, D. (1996) Directory of Energy Efficient Housing. Coventry, UK Chartered Institute of Housing for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York. ISBN 0901607959. Directory of Energy Efficient Housing - graphic

Lowe, R. J. and Bell, M. (1998) Towards Sustainable Housing: Building Regulation for the 21st Century. A report prepared for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Leeds Metropolitan University / Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Leeds. ISBN 1 898883 12 2. Towards Sustainable Housing - graphic

Journal Articles

Bell, M. and Lowe, R.J. (2000) Energy efficient modernisation of housing: A UK Case study. Energy and Buildings, Vol. 32. pp. 267 to 280, ISSN: 0378-7788

Lowe, R.J., Johnston, D., & Bell, M. (2000) A review of possible implications of an airtightness standard for new dwellings in the UK. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology Vol. 21 No. 3, pp. 31 to 38, ISSN: 0143-6244.

Bell, M. and Lowe, R.J. (2000) Building regulation and sustainable housing Part 1: a critique of Part L of the Building Regulations 1995 for England and Wales. Structural Survey, Vol. 18, no.1, pp. 28 to 37, ISSN 0263-080X [Winner of the Literati Club award for most outstanding paper in volume 18 of Structural Survey]

Lowe, R.J and Bell, M. (2000) Building regulation and sustainable housing Part 2: Technical issues. Structural Survey, Vol. 18, no.2, pp. 77 to 88, ISSN 0263-080X

Bell, M. and Lowe, R.J. (2001) Building regulation and sustainable housing Part 3: Setting and implementing standards, Structural Survey, Vol. 19, no.1, pp. 27 to 37, ISSN 0263-080X

Bell, M. and Lowe, R.J. (2001) Improving the sustainability of Housing, Regional Review, Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 11 to 13, ISSN 0961-5334.

Lowe, R.J, Bell, M. & Roberts, D. (2003) Developing future energy performance standards for UK housing: The St Nicholas Court project – Part 1, Structural Survey, Vol. 21, no.4, pp. 119 to 130, ISSN 0263-080X (highly commended paper - volume 21).

Lowe, R.J, Bell, M. & Roberts, D. (2003) Developing future energy performance standards for UK housing: The St Nicholas Court project – Part 2, Structural Survey, Vol. 21, no.5, pp. 206 to 215, ISSN 0263-080X

Johnston, D.K., Lowe, R.L. and Bell, M. (2005) An exploration of the technical feasibility of achieving CO2 emission reductions in excess of 60% within the UK housing stock by the year 2050, Energy Policy, Vol. 33 pp 1643 - 1659.

Conference Papers & Other Publications

Bell, M. (1995) Global Warming and energy conservation in existing housing. Presentation to the Flagship, CPD (Continuing Professional Development) event at the AGM of the Society of Surveying Technicians in conjunction with the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, April 1995, Coventry, UK.

Bell, M. & Lowe, R.J. (1997) Energy Efficiency in Existing Housing. In Proc. 2nd International Conference on Buildings and the Environment. Paris: CSTB..

Lowe, R.J., Johnston, D. & Bell, M. (1997) Airtightness in UK Dwellings: A Review of Some Recent Measurements. In Proc. 2nd International Conference on Buildings and the Environment. Vol 1 pp 389-396. Paris: CSTB.

Bell, M. (1997) Energy Efficiency in Housing, Agenda 21 and the Home Energy Conservation Act (1995). Invited paper presented to the Institute of Building Control annual conference, Harrogate, June.

Bell, M. and Lowe, R. J. (1997) Energy Rating and the Design of "Green" Housing - Workshop conducted at the ACTAC Great Green Buildings Fair and Conference, February, Faculty of Design and the Built Environment, Leeds Metropolitan University.

Bell, M. & Lowe, R.J. (1998) The York Energy Demonstration Project: Final Report. CeBE report no. 3. [2nd edition] Centre for the Built Environment, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK. [ISSN no. 1358-0558]

Bell, M (1999) Existing Housing and CO2 Paper presented to Improving Performance in Housing: an agenda for change, Leeds Metropolitan University, 20 April 1999.

Bell, M. & Lowe, R.J. (1999) Detailed design, building regulation and sustainable housing. IN: The Product Champions, proceedings of the Detailed Design in Architecture Conference, November 1998, Leeds, Leeds Metropolitan University & British institute of Architectural Technology (BIAT).

Johnston, D. Lowe, R. Bell, M. & Sturges, J. (1999) A Physically Based Energy and Carbon Dioxide Emission Model of the UK Housing Stock. IN: proceedings of the 1999 International Sustainable Development Research Conference, 25-26 March 1999.

Johnston, D. Lowe, R. & Bell, M. (1999) An Energy and Carbon Dioxide Emission Scenario for the UK Housing Stock: Some Preliminary Results. IN: Proceedings of the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) National Conference, pp.411-420, Harrogate, 3-5 October 1999, London, Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers, ISBN 0 900953 97 7.

Bell, M. & Lowe, R.J. (1999) Sustainability and the Development of an Energy Efficient Housing Stock: a review of some theoretical issues. IN: The Challenge of Change: Construction and Building for the new Millennium, Proc. of the RICS Construction and Building Research Conference (COBRA 1999), Edited by D Baldry and L Ruddock.. University of Salford 1 to 2 Sept 1999. London, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors in association with the University of Salford.

Bell, M & Lowe, R.J. (1999) Building Regulation and the development of Sustainable Housing. Invited paper to the Taunton and Dean Building Control Service Eleventh Annual Conference October 1999.

Lowe, R.J., Bell, M., Roberts, D. and Bixby, P. (2000) Defining UK dwelling performance standards for 2005: The St. Nicholas Court Field Trial. IN: Boonstra, C., Rovers, R. and Pauwels, S. (Eds.), Sustainable Building 2000, Proceedings of International Conference Sustainable Buildings 2000, 22 - 25 October, pp. 444 - 447, Maastricht, The Netherlands, Æeneas, Technical Publishers. [ISBN 90-75365-36-5].

Bell, M. & Overend, P. (2001) Building regulation and energy efficiency in timber frame housing. In Proceedings of the Construction and Building Research Conference, Edited by John Kelly and Kirsty Hunter, Glasgow Caledonian University, 3-5 September 2001, pp. 149 – 159, London, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

Bell, M., Lowe, R.J. & Roberts, D. (2002) Defining UK dwelling performance standards for 2008: the St. Nicholas Court field trial - reflections on design process. Sustainable Building 2002, Proceedings of the 3rd. International Conference on Sustainable Building, 23-25 September 2002, Oslo, Norway.

Bell M. (2002) Innovation: A Change in World View, Invited paper presented to the Prime Conference, John Laing Partnership, London, 27, November 2002.

Lowe, R.J, Bell, M. & Roberts, D. (2003) Developing Future UK Energy Performance Standards: The St Nicholas Court project, Final Report, CeBE Report no. 11 Centre for the Built Environment, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK [ISSN 1358-0558] {Funded by the Joseph Rowntree foundation, the Housing Corporation (Good Practice Grant YH/18/99) and the Department of Trade and Industry, Partners in Innovation Contract 39/3/604)}.

Bell, M. (2004) Energy Efficiency In Existing Buildings: The Role Of Building Regulations. In Proceedings of the Construction and Building Research Conference, Edited by Robert Ellis and Malcolm Bell, Leeds Metroolitan University, 7-8 September 2004, London, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

Johnston, D. Wingfield, J. Miles-Shenton, D. and Bell, M. (2004), Airtightness of UK Dwellings: Some Recent Measurements. In Proceedings of the Construction and Building Research Conference, Edited by Robert Ellis and Malcolm Bell, Leeds Metroolitan University, 7-8 September 2004, London, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

Gardner, A. and Bell, M. (2004), Energy Efficency In Housing: An Evaluation Of The Improtance Of Increased Wall Thickness. In Proceedings of the Construction and Building Research Conference, Edited by Robert Ellis and Malcolm Bell, Leeds Metroolitan University, 7-8 September 2004, London, Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

Smith, M and Bell, M (2004) Condensation Risk – Impact of Improvements to Part L and Robust Details on Part C Interim report number 1: Initial workshop & site selection criteria. Report to the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. Project number BD2414, Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.

Smith, M., Bell, M. and Miles-Shenton, D. (2004) Condensation risk – impact of improvements to Part L and Robust Details on Part C. Interim Report Number 2 Site descriptions & review of initial modelling. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 71/6/1 (BD2414), Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.

Smith, M., Bell, M. and Miles-Shenton, D. (2004) Condensation risk – impact of improvements to Part L and Robust Details on Part C. Interim Report Number 4 – Review of construction details. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 71/6/1 (BD2414), Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.

Bell, M., Smith, M. and Miles-Shenton, D. (2004) Condensation risk – impact of improvements to Part L and Robust Details on Part C. Interim Report Number 5 – Site survey descriptions and preliminary findings. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 71/6/1 (BD2414), Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.

Bell, M., Smith, M. and Miles-Shenton, D. (2004) Condensation risk – impact of improvements to Part L and Robust Details on Part C. Interim Report Number 6 – Draft Field work Report. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 71/6/1 (BD2414), Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, UK.

Mumovic, D., Davies, M., Ridley, I., Oreszczyn, T., Bell, M., Smith, M. & Miles-Shenton, D. (2005). An evaluation of the hygrothermal performance of ‘standard’ and ‘as built’ construction details using steady-state and transient modelling. In: Building Simulation 2005, Proc of the Ninth International Building Performance Simulation Association Conference, Montréal, Canada, 15 -18 August 2005.

Bell, M., (2005) Learning to Tango: Sustainable development and the multidisciplinary dream, In, SB05, The 2005, World Sustainable Building Conference, 27 -29 September 2005, Tokyo Japan.
http://www.sb05.com

Roberts, D., Lowe, R.J. & Bell, M. (2005) Developing energy performance standards for UK housing: The Stamford Brook project, In, SB05, The 2005, World Sustainable Building Conference, 27 -29 September 2005, Tokyo Japan.
http://www.sb05.com