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Professor David Johnston
BEng (Hons), MSC, PhD
d.johnston@leedsbeckett.ac.uk

Professor David Johnston

David Johnston is a Professor within the Centre of the Built Environment. He has over twenty years’ experience of applied and theoretical research and consultancy in low carbon housing and is a leading expert in coheating testing and building performance evaluation. His work on low carbon housing has been varied and wide ranging, encompassing theoretical and strategic explorations of climate change targets, their implications for the design and management of the built environment, detailed empirical work on the potential for carbon emission reductions in new and existing housing and detailed evaluations of the fabric and services performance of domestic buildings.

Over the years he has led and managed numerous field trial projects in both new and existing dwellings, involving detailed in-use monitoring of energy consumption and the analysis of occupant behaviour. In recent years, Professor Johnston’s research has concentrated on investigating the difference between the predicted and the measured performance of buildings, commonly referred to as the ‘performance gap’. Professor Johnston’s work in this area has involved developing methodological approaches to assessing the fabric performance of buildings (for instance, development of the Coheating Test Method – see Johnston, D. Miles-Shenton, D. Farmer, D. and Wingfield, J. (2013)), exploring the techniques that can be used to quantify the size of the ‘performance gap’, identifying the reasons why this ‘gap’ is important and examining the various factors that contribute to the ‘gap’. He has also been successful in securing over £500,000 of external funding from the Technology Strategy Board (TSB) as part of their Building Performance Evaluation Programme. This funding has been provided to undertake six post construction and initial occupation studies (25% of all of the domestic projects awarded under this Programme) and two in-use performance and post occupancy evaluation studies. The findings from his work are being used by clients, contractors and developers to inform their design and construction practices and help them understand how they can begin to close the gap between design intent and as-built performance. The results of his work are also being used at policy level to inform future revisions of the Building Regulations.

Research Interests

Specific research interests include: low carbon housing, sustainability and the built environment, climate change and energy use, building airtightness, building performance and evaluation, coheating testing, energy and environmental monitoring of buildings, building regulations and energy and carbon dioxide emission modelling of the UK housing stock.

List of Research/Consultancy Projects

October 2013 to October 2016 – TSB Scaling Up Retrofit of the Nation's Homes Programme, Project Investigator, £193,619 (Total project value £1,647,510)

November 2012 to March 2013 – Coventry University, Coheating Testing Training, Project Lead, £5000.

October 2012 to March 2013 –TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Post construction and initial occupation study, Principal Investigator, £36,949 (Total project value £59,979).

October 2012 to December 2013 – TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme, Lea Field Court, York – Post construction and initial occupation study, Principal Investigator, £52,642 (Total project value £54,393).

October 2012 to December 2013 – TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme, Derwenthorpe, York – Post construction and initial occupation study, Principal Investigator, £47,044 (Total project value £48,796).

July 2012 to September 2014 – TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme, Passivhaus Racecourse Development, Sunderland – In-use performance and post occupancy evaluation study, Principal Investigator, £69,902 (Total project value £69,902).

February 2012 to June 2013 – TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme, Community in a Cube (CIAC), Riverside One, Middlesborough – Post construction and initial occupation study, Principal Investigator, £72017 (Total project value £87,257).

November 2011 to June 2013 – TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme, Passivhaus Racecourse Development, Sunderland – Post construction and initial occupation study, Principal Investigator, £54,550 (Total project value £68,567).

July 2011 to September 2014 – TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme, Dormary Court, York – In-use performance and post occupancy evaluation study, Principal Investigator, £69074 (Total project value £79,879).

January 2011 to May 2012 – TSB Building Performance Evaluation Programme Dormary Court, York – Post construction and initial occupation study, Principal Investigator, £54,749 (Total project value £62,446).

2011 to date – IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme Annex 58: Reliable Building Energy Performance Characterisation Based on Full Scale Dynamic Measurement – Project to develop models and common quality procedures for dynamic full scale testing to characterise and predict the effective hygro-thermal performances of building components and whole buildings.

2010 – University of Salford, Open Resources for Built Environment Education (ORBEE) – Design and development of open educational resources, Principal Investigator, £3000.

2009 to date – Good Homes Alliance (GHA) GHA Monitoring Programme  – Measuring and monitoring the performance of high-level sustainable, new build homes, Project Lead, £82,335

2009 – The Concrete Centre, How to Achieve Low Levels of Air leakage in Masonry Homes – A guide written for the Concrete Centre on cavity masonry construction, Principal Investigator £11,500.

2008 to 2009 – Construction Knowledge Exchange, Sustainable Housing Learning Zone – Development of a Sustainable Housing Learning Zone that can be used as a resource by a wide range of individuals that wish to design, construct and manage sustainable dwellings, Principal Investigator, £68,000

2007 to 2009 – Construction Knowledge Exchange,  Low Carbon Housing Learning Zone – Development of a Low Carbon Housing Learning Zone that can be used as a resource by a wide range of individuals that wish to design, construct and manage low carbon dwellings, Principal Investigator, £86,000

2008 – CLG Building Regulations Division, Installation and commissioning guidance in Part F – Undertaken as part of the review of Part F of the Building Regulations for 2010.

2003 to 2006 – ODPM Building Regulations Division, Air tightness of buildings – Towards Higher Performance – A participatory action research project undertaken for the ODPM under the Building Operational Performance Framework, Project Manager, £233,325

2003 to date – Various clients, Pressurisation testing work for a range of clients.

2002 to 2004 – Shepherd Engineering Services (SES), Management and Development Programme – Managing, developing and assessing their Professional Development Programme on behalf of Shepherd Training and Development Services.

1994 to 1997 – Department of the Environment and National Power, Derwentside Field Trial – Field trial of mechanical ventilation and heat recovery in 12 local authority low-rise dwellings.

1994 to 1996 – Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Literature review on energy efficient housing and a Directory of energy efficient housing.

1994 to 1996 – York City Council, York Energy Demonstration Project – Field trial of energy efficiency improvements to 230 existing houses (2 projects).

Publications and other outputs

Peer reviewed

SIDDALL, M. TRINICK, J. and JOHNSTON, D. (2013) Testing the real heat loss of a Passivhaus building: Can the UK’s energy performance gap be bridged? In: Proceedings of the 17th International Passivhaus Conference 2013, 19-20th April 2013, Congress Center Messe Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany, pp. 159 -166.

GORSE, C. SUTTON, R. JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and HOBDAY, J. (2011) Low Carbon Housing in the UK: Analysis of Construction Practice. Architecture Science, No.3, pp55-68.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. BELL, M. and WINGFIELD, J. (2011) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Final Report – Domestic Sector Airtightness. Department for Communities and Local Government. London, UK, HMSO. ISBN: 978-1-4098 2863-1

JOHNSTON, D. and MILES-SHENTON, D. (2011) How to Achieve Good Levels of Airtightness in Masonry Homes. Surrey, UK, MPA – The Concrete Centre. ISBN: 978-1-904818-98-4.

JOHNSTON, D. WINGFIELD, J. and MILES-SHENTON, D. (2010) Measuring the Fabric Performance of UK Dwellings. In Proceedings of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) Twenty-Sixth Annual Conference, 6-8 September 2010, Rose Bowl, Leeds, UK. Reading, ARCOM, Volume 1, pp.1371-1380.

JOHNSTON, D. (2009) Case Study – Energy Modelling. In: Mumovic, D. and Santamouris, M. ed. A Handbook of Sustainable Building Design & Engineering – An Integrated Approach to Energy, Health and Operational Performance. London, UK, Earthscan, pp.131-138.

JOHNSTON, D. and MILES-SHENTON, D. (2009) Airtightness of UK Dwellings. In Proceedings of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) Twenty-Fifth Annual Conference, 7-9 September 2009, Albert Hall, Nottingham, UK. Reading, ARCOM, Volume 1, pp.271-280.

JOHNSTON, D. & LOWE, R. (2006) Improving the Airtightness of Existing Plasterboard-lined Load-bearing Masonry Dwellings. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology (BSER&T). Volume 27, No.1, pp.1-10.

JOHNSTON, D. LOWE, R. & BELL M. (2005) An Exploration of the Technical Feasibility of Achieving CO2 Emission Reductions in Excess of 60% Within the Housing Stock by the Year 2050. Energy Policy, Volume 33, No. 13, pp.1643-1659.

ROBERTS, D. JOHNSTON, D. & ISLE, J. (2005) A Novel Approach to Achieving Airtightness in Drylined Load-bearing Masonry Dwellings. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology (BSER&T), Technical Note, Volume 26, No.1,pp63-69.

JOHNSTON, D. WINGFIELD, J. MILES-SHENTON, D & BELL, M (2004) Airtightness of UK Dwellings: Some Recent Measurements. In: Proceedings of the RICS COBRA2004 International Construction Conference, 7-8 September 2004, Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University, p.117.

JOHNSTON, D. LOWE, R. & BELL, M. (1999) An Energy and Carbon Dioxide Emission Scenario for the UK Housing Stock: Some Preliminary Results. In: Proceedings of the Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) national Conference, 3-5 October 1999, Harrogate, UK. London, Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers, pp.411-420.

JOHNSTON, D. LOWE, R. BELL, M. & STURGES, J. (1999) A Physically Based Energy and Carbon Dioxide Emission Model of the UK Housing Stock. In: Proceedings of the International Sustainable Development Research Conference, 25-26 March 1999, University of Leeds, Shipley, UK. ERP Environment, pp.164-170.

LOWE, R. JOHNSTON, D. & BELL, M. (1999) A Review of Possible Implications of the Introduction of Mandatory pressurisation Testing for New Dwellings in the UK. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology (BSER&T), Volume 21, No.3, pp.27-34.

JOHNSTON, D. (1998) A Method of Estimating the Future Energy and Carbon Dioxide Emissions Associated with the UK Housing Stock. In: Proceedings of Detail Design in Architecture 2, Leeds Metropolitan University, UK. Leeds, Leeds Metropolitan University, pp.211-222.

Non peer reviewed

SIDDALL, M. and JOHNSTON, D. (2012) Bridging the Theory: Reality Gap. UK Passivhaus Conference 2012, 7-8th November 2012, EMCC, The University of Nottingham, UK.

STEVENSON, F. JOHNSTON, D. FEWSON, K. and YEATES, A. (2013) Lancaster Cohousing Project (Part Eight) – Post Occupation Building Performance Evaluation. Green Building Magazine, Summer 2013, pp24-29.

GORSE, C. JOHNSTON, D. and PRITCHARD, M. (2012) A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying & Civil Engineering. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. WINGFIELD, J. FARMER, D. and BELL, M. (2012) Whole House Heat Loss Test Method (Coheating). A report for the IEA Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme Annex 58: Reliable Building Energy Performance Characterisation Based on Full Scale Dynamic Measurement. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment, Leeds Metropolitan University.

LOWE, R., Bell, M. & Johnston, D. (1996) Directory of Energy Efficient Housing. Coventry, UK, Chartered Institute of Housing for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

Project Reports

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lea Field Court – Installation and Commissioning Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. September 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Derwenthorpe – Installation and Commissioning Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. September 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. and FLETCHER, M. (2013) TSB BPE Project 450095 – Community In A Cube Apartment at Riverside One, Middlesbrough: TSB BPE Phase 1 Final Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. August 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

FARMER, D. JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Derwenthorpe – Heat Flux Measurement Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Derwenthorpe – Coheating Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. June 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Derwenthorpe – Construction Review Report Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. June 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Derwenthorpe – Pressurisation Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. June 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – MVHR Ductwork Investigations. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. May 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lea Field Court – Coheating Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. May 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

FLETCHER, M. and JOHNSTON, D. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – Design and Delivery Team Walkthrough. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. April 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lea Field Court – Pressurisation Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. April 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. and STEVENSON, F. (2013) TSB BPE Project 450095 – Lancaster Co-housing Development: TSB BPE Phase 1 Final Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. March 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Coheating Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. March 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. WINGFIELD, J. and FARMER, D. (2013) TSB BPE Project 450014 – Gentoo Racecourse Estate, Houghton-le-Spring: TSB BPE Phase 1 Final Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. March 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. JOHNSTON, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Thermographic Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. March 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Pressurisation Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. February 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – Design and Construction Review. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. January 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2013) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Installation and Commissioning Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. January 2013. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

FARMER, D. JOHNSTON, D. PEAT, M. and MILES-SHENTON, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Heat Flux Measurement Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. December 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. FARMER, D. and PEAT, M. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Construction Review Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. December 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

PEAT, M. JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON D. and FARMER, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Lancaster Co-housing Development – Design Review Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. December 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. FARMER, D. and MILES-SHENTON, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – Thermography Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. October 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and FARMER, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – Installation and Commissioning Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. October 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

FARMER, D. JOHNSTON, D. and MILES-SHENTON, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – Heat Flux Measurement Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. August 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. FARMER, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Sunderland – Coheating Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. WINGFIELD, J. and FARMER, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Sunderland – Pressurisation Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and SIDDALL, M. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Sunderland – Design and Construction Review. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. FARMER, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Sunderland – Heat Flux Measurement Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. and MILES-SHENTON, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Sunderland – Installation and Commissioning Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and FARMER, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – Coheating Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and FARMER, D. (2012) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, Middlesborough – Pressurisation Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. July 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2012) TSB BPE Project 450013 –
Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York: TSB BPE Phase 1 Final Report. A report to the Joseph Rowntree Housing trust (JRHT) March 2012. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

BIRTWHISTLE, C. and JOHNSTON, D. (2011) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York – Handover Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. December 2011. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2011) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York – Design and Construction Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. December 2011. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

MILES-SHENTON, D. JOHNSTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2011) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York – Thermography Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. December 2011. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2011) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York – Coheating Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. November 2011. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2011) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York – Pressurisation Test Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. November 2011. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2011) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York – Heat Flux Measurement Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. November 2011. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and WINGFIELD, J. (2011) Post Construction and Early Occupation Study, York – Installation and Commissioning Report. A report to the Technology Strategy Board as part of the Technology Strategy Board’s Building Performance Evaluation Programme. November 2011. Leeds, UK, Centre for the Built Environment (CeBE), Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. (2011) Evaluation of GHA Co-heating Tests. Report Number 1. A report for the GHA Newbuild Monitoring Programme. Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. BELL, M. and WINGFIELD, J. (2006) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Final Report – Domestic Sector Airtightness. A report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division Under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16(BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D and BELL, M. (2006) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Discussion Paper Number 2 – Impacts of Pressure Testing. A report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division Under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16(BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and BELL, M. (2006) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Discussion Paper Number 1 – Performance & Implementation. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division Under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16(BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON and BELL, M (2005) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Interim Report Number 8 – Site assessments and Test Results. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division Under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and BELL, M (2005) Airtighness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Interim Report Number 7 – Design Assessments. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division Under the  Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and BELL, M (2005) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher performance, Interim Report Number 6 – Seminars & Developer Feedback. A report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

LOWE, R. JOHNSTON, D. & BELL, M (2005) Airtightness in UK Dwellings: A Review of Some Recent Measurements. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Buildings and the Environment, 9-12th June 1997, Paris, France. Paris, CSTB, Volume 1, pp.289-396.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and BELL, M  (2004) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Interim Report Number 5 – Site Assessments and Feedback Material. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and BELL, M (2004) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Interim Report Number 4 – Airtightness Results for Phase 1. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D. and BELL, M (2004) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Interim Report Number 3 – Assessments of Design and Pilot Site Data. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division Under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. MILES-SHENTON, D and BELL, M  (2004) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher performance. Interim Report Number 2 – Developers, sites and protocols. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

JOHNSTON, D. WINGFIELD, J. and BELL, M (2004) Airtightness of Buildings – Towards Higher Performance. Interim Report Number 1 –Literature Review and Built Examples. A Report to the ODPM Building Regulations Division under the Building Operational Performance Framework. Project Reference Number CI 61/6/16 (BD2429), Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

LOWE, R & JOHNSTON, D. (1997) Mechanical Ventilation with heat Recovery in Local Authority, Low-rise Housing: Final Report on the Derwentside Field Trial. Leeds, UK, Leeds Metropolitan University.

PhD thesis

A physically-based energy and carbon dioxide emission model of the UK housing stock (2003)