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Research Case studies

Caribbean Carnival Cultures

Our Work

The Caribbean Carnival Cultures research platform, supported by the Centre for Culture and the Arts at Leeds Beckett, is kick-starting carnival research in the UK and across the Caribbean diaspora. Leeds is a city perfectly placed to be leading on carnival research as it is home to the longest-running Caribbean carnival in Europe. We believe that carnival needs to be taken seriously and we aim to bridge the perceived gap between academic research and artistic practice in carnival by encouraging a necessary dialogue between the two.
Plus Icon Arts Council Grants for the Arts
A successful CCC Arts Council ‘Grants for the Arts’ funding bid by Emily (April 2017) supported the conference and the creation of Max Farrar's exhibition of 50 years of LWIC carnival which has now been shared between the student social space in Broadcasting Place, Leeds Beckett University and Leeds West Indian carnival events, Leeds Library and the University of Leeds.
Plus Icon Carnival Cultures Conference

The three-day Carnival Cultures conference in May 2017 attracted 160 national and international participants, featured over 45 speakers in four parallel panels as well as dance, design, poetry and traditional masquerade workshops and a Civic Reception in Leeds Civic Hall. The event received an overwhelming amount of positive feedback and participants travelled from across Europe, the Caribbean, Canada and the US to attend. The activity also allowed carnival artists locally, nationally and internationally to showcase and share their work, including performers and playwrights Tony Hall and Enitou Springer from Trinidad and LWIC founder Calvin Beech from Canada. The conference also had a lasting media legacy; it was filmed and photographed extensively and received media attention including an article in North Leeds Life, two articles in the Yorkshire Evening Post and a BBC Leeds radio interview with Emily and Leeds West Indian Carnival founder Arthur France MBE. The conference was also filmed by four different film crews including ‘Made in Leeds,’ ‘Look North’ and a filming team creating a BBC documentary on Leeds West Indian carnival. A group of Leeds Beckett University students studying filmmaking at Masters level were also in attendance and the themes of the conference have framed their documentary film on LWIC. The LBU carnival film, ‘All of We Matter’ will be launched in November 2018.

Plus Icon Online Reach

The Caribbean Carnival cultures research platform supports and engages BAME people and communities. It has a strong social media, academic and impact presence including a Carnival Cultures website and a forthcoming publication of conference proceedings in the scholarly journal (special edition) of Caribbean Quarterly (confirmed for Dec 2019). The Caribbean Carnival Cultures webpage is now being used as a repository for information on carnival research, profiles on PhD students researching the field and features the Carnival Cultures twitter feed and upcoming Caribbean and BAME artistic and academic events locally and nationally.

The website has become a lasting platform for carnival artists and researchers to find out more about the field and showcase their work. The platform and conference has already had an impact on the carnival sector; Pepe Francis, Director of Notting Hill Carnival Enterprise Trust, wrote on his CCC conference evaluation form; “This has inspired me to have a similar conference in Notting Hill. I loved every minute of it”.

Plus Icon Other Events

Other Caribbean Carnival Cultures (CCC) events have included a carnival film screening at the Little Reliance Cinema, a night of Caribbean food and music at the Leeds West Indian Centre and a Black Heritage Walk led by Historian Joe Williams around the Leeds University campus. Arthur France MBE, founder of Leeds West Indian Carnival who recently received an honorary doctorate from Leeds Beckett university, described the activity as ‘exceptional’ and ‘outstanding’. 

Another key way in which the activity has helped Caribbean Carnival Cultures to develop has been through challenging the perceived barriers between artistic and academic approaches to carnival. Facilitating a discussion on these perceived boundaries is at the heart of the Caribbean Carnival cultures research platform.

The CCC activity has also had an impact on local community events. The Chapeltown Literature Festival focused their annual literary event (Sept 2017) 'Word Junction' and worked in partnership with the CCC. This ‘mini’ carnival conference event provided an opportunity for people in the local Chapeltown community to engage with the key themes of the CCC and listen to readings, academic papers and artists for free in a community environment. It was extremely well attended and engaged members of the public who may not have been able to afford the conference fee or engaged with the university environment.


Next Steps

All of our key contributors (listed on the Caribbean Carnival Cultures website) regularly publish on carnival. We have a fully-funded PhD student in carnival cultures and aim to provide further opportunities to enhance research in the field. We also reach beyond the academic institution and support the local and national carnival community. Community is at the heart of carnival and we are dedicated to creating and nurturing community links to enhance the perception and understanding of carnival globally.

Through a Caribbean Carnival Cultures (CCC) programme of events the School of Cultural Studies has forged strong, lasting and meaningful connections between Leeds Beckett’s Centre for Culture and the Arts and other arts, cultural and academic organizations, which has helped our organisation to develop its reach and its impact. CCC activity has entailed collaboration with carnival artists, performers, academics, designers and musicians locally, nationally and internationally. We have worked with Leeds West Indian Carnival, Leeds City Council, Leeds University-based academic journal Moving Worlds, Cabasa Carnival Arts, The Geraldine Connor Foundation, Leeds based publishers of Black and Asian Literature Peepal Tree Press, Leeds Young Authors, Chapeltown based RJC Dance and local Black and Asian artists, poets and writers. It also helped our organisation develop by opening up carnival-related artistic and academic activity to young people studying at the university. Final year English Literature undergraduate and postgraduate degree and PhD students worked hard to facilitate the 2017 conference and presented the very best aspects of the university to the public. CCC research also underpins modules at Undergraduate, Masters and PhD level designed and taught by Emily Zobel Marshall.

The Caribbean Carnival Cultures research platform, supported by the Centre for Culture and the Arts at Leeds Beckett, is kick-starting carnival research in the UK and across the Caribbean diaspora. We believe that carnival needs to be taken seriously and aim to bridge the perceived gap between academic research and artistic practice in carnival by encouraging a necessary dialogue between the two.

Research Outputs

Plus Icon Book Chapters and Journal Articles


  • (2019) Marshall, Emily Zobel, Barrat, Sue Anne & Attai, Nikoli. ‘Free Up Yuh Self ’: Transgressive Bodies and Contestations in the Carnivalesque. (Publishers TBC)
  • (2018) Marshall, Emily Zobel ‘Popular Culture in Caribbean literature’ in Caribbean literature in Transition, 1970-2015, Volume 3. Cummings, R. & Donnell, A. (eds).( Cambridge University Press).
  • (2019) Marshall, Emily Zobel [Editor] ‘Power, Performance and Play: Caribbean Carnival and the Cultural Politics of Emancipation’. Caribbean Quarterly, Dec 2019. (Taylor and Francis).


  • (2018) Marshall, Emily Zobel 'It's not all Sequins and Bikinis? Power, Performance and Play in the Leeds and Trinidad Carnival'. Book Chapter. Riggio, M (ed.). (Ian Randle Publishers).
  • (2018) Marshall, Emily Zobel “‘Nothing but Pleasant Memories of the Discipline of Slavery”:  The Trickster and the Dynamics of Racial Representation.’ Marvels & Tales: Journal of Fairy-Tale Studies. (Wayne State University Press).
  • (2018) Marshall, Emily Zobel ‘This is Not a Fairytale: Anansi and the Web of Narrative Power’ in Teverson, A (ed.) The Fairy Tale World (Routledge).
  • (2018) Marshall, Emily Zobel ‘The Leeds West Indian Carnival is Fifty: Marking its African, Asian and European Heritage’. Leeds African Studies Bulletin. Issue 79. (Winter 2017/18).
  • (2017) Marshall, Emily Zobel (with Max Farrar and Guy Farrar) ‘Popular Political Culture and the Caribbean Carnival.’ Soundings. Issue 67. (Lawrence and Wishart).
  • (2017) Book Review:  The Tar Baby: A Global History by Brian Wagner: The Times Literary Supplement. 22 Nov 2017.
  • (2016) Marshall, Emily Zobel ‘Resistance Through ‘Robber Talk’: Storytelling Strategies and the Carnival Trickster in Caribbean Quarterly, Volume 62 (Taylor and Francis).
  • (2016) Marshall, Emily Zobel ‘Carnival of the North’ in Caribbean Beat. Issue 140, July/August 2016. Available from:
  • (2015) Marshall, Emily Zobel ‘Harlem Tricksters: Cheating the Cycle of Trauma in the fiction of Ralph Ellison and Nella Larsen’ in Ward, Abigail, ed., Postcolonial Traumas: Memory, Narrative, Resistance. (Palgrave Macmillan).
Plus Icon Books
  • (2018) Marshall, Emily Zobel. American Trickster: Trauma Tradition and Brer Rabbit. Rowman and Littlefield: London.
  • (2017) Marshall, Emily Zobel. Book Review: The Tar Baby: A Global History by Brian Wagner: The Times Literary Supplement. 22 Nov 2017.
  • (2012) Marshall, Emily Zobel. Anansi’s Journey: A Story of Jamaican Cultural Resistance. University of the West Indies Press: Kingston. 
Plus Icon Media Mentions
  • North Leeds Life (2017), Yorkshire Evening Post (2017), BBC Radio Leeds (2018)
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