Facebook tracking pixel [Skip to content]
To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that supports HTML5 video

Dr Leanne Norman


About Dr Leanne Norman

Leanne is a Reader within the Carnegie School of Sport. Her research utilises a critical sociological lens to examine the culture of coaching to address gender equality and provide evidence for the need to diversify the coaching workforce.

Leanne is an internationally recognised researcher for her research and writing within the area of gender equality and issues of diversity related to sports coaching, sports leadership, and organisations. Her work is driven towards improving the participation, performance, and leadership pathways for diverse social groups, principally, different groups of women.

Her work utilises a sociological lens to examine the culture of coaching and sports organisations. She also leads work around understanding the relationship between gender and occupational well-being for coaches, examining the influence of gender on the coach-athlete relationship, and how organisational change can support diversity and workforce development for coaches. Leanne has written for academic and practitioner textbooks, written educational resources for coaches, and has published widely in academic journals related to sport and social issues.

She has led national and international research projects as well as acted as academic expert and consultant for research funded by sport councils, governing bodies and federations, and charities. Leanne utilises such research as the evidence for impactful outreach activities including leading the delivery of programmes towards supporting women to enhance their experience of sports coaching as a credible and valuable profession, as well as acting consultant for a number of organisations to support them towards creating a diverse leadership and coaching workforce.

Research Interests

  • Gender equality in sport and coaching
  • Sport organisational culture and change
  • Broader equity and diversity issues within sport and coaching
  • Coaching sociology
  • Critical feminist sociology
  • Race and ethnicity in sport and coaching
  • Qualitative research methods
  • Implementing and promoting equality in sporting governing bodies
  • Coach education, practices and processes
  • The coach-athlete relationship
  • Coaching knowledges
  • Coaching and power

Selected Publications

Journal articles (25)

  • Didymus FF; Norman L; Hurst M; Clarke N (In press), Career Experiences and Occupational Wellbeing of Women in Sports Leadership. Work and Stress
  • DeHaan D; Norman L (In press), Mind the gap: The presence of capital and power in the female athlete - male coach relationship within elite rowing. Sports Coaching Review
    https://doi.org/10.1080/2164062920191567160
  • Rankin Wright AJ; Hylton K; Norman L (In press), Coaching 'blind spots': 'Race' and gender equality in sport coaching. Ethnic and Racial Studies
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright A; Allison W (2018), "It's a Concrete Ceiling; It's Not Even Glass": Understanding Tenets of Organizational Culture That Supports the Progression of Women as Coaches and Coach Developers. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, vol. 42 (5), p. 393-414.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0193723518790086
    View Repository Record
  • Hinojosa I; Andres A; Serra P; Vilanova A; Soler S; Norman L (2017), Understanding the gendered coaching workforce in Spanish sport. International journal of Sports Science and Coaching, vol. 13 (4), p. 485-495.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954117747744
  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; Norman LJ (2017), Negotiating the Coaching Landscape: Experiences of Black men and women coaches in the United Kingdom. International Review for the Sociology of Sport
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690217724879
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2017), "It's sport, why does it matter?" Professional coaches' perceptions of equity training. Sports Coaching Review
    https://doi.org/10.1080/21640629.2017.1367181
    View Repository Record
  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; Norman L (2016), Off-colour Landscape: Framing Race Equality in Sport Coaching. Sociology of Sport Journal, vol. 33 (4), p. 357-368.
    https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.2015-0174
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016), Surviving rather than thriving: Understanding the experiences of women coaches using a theory of gendered social well-being. International Review for the Sociology of Sport
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690216660283
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2016), Is there a need for coaches to be more gender responsive? A review of the evidence. International Sport Coaching Journal / ISCJ, vol. 3 (2), p. 192-196.
    https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2016-0032
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2015), The impact of an "equal opportunities" ideological framework on coaches' knowledge and practice. International Review for the Sociology of Sport
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690214565377
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2015), 'The Coaching Needs of High Performance Female Athletes within the Coach-Athlete Dyad'. International Sport Coaching Journal, vol. 2
    https://doi.org/10.1123/iscj.2013-0037
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2013), The concepts underpinning everyday gendered homophobia based upon the experiences of lesbian coaches. Sport in Society, vol. 16 (10), p. 1326-1345.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2013.821255
  • Norman L (2013), The Challenges Facing Women Coaches and the Contributions They Can Make to the Profession. International Journal of Coaching Science, vol. 7 (2), p. 3-23.
  • Norman L; French J (2013), Understanding how High Performance Women Athletes Experience the Coach-Athlete Relationship. International Journal of Coaching Science, vol. 7 (1), p. 3-24.
  • Norman L (2012), Gendered Homophobia in Sport and Coaching: Understanding the Everyday Experiences of Lesbian Coaches. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, vol. 47 (6), p. 705-723.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690211420487
  • Norman L (2012), A Crisis of Confidence: Women Coaches' Responses to their Engagement in Resistance. Sport, Education and Society
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13573322.2012.689975
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2012), Developing female coaches: Solutions from women themselves. Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education, vol. 3 (3), p. 227-238.
  • Norman L (2011), The Issue of Equality Affects us All: Compulsory heterosexuality and hyperfemininity in sport. LGBT Sports Observatory(2), p. 3-5.
  • Norman L (2011), Understanding LGBT sport: Unveiling the experiences of UK lesbian coaches. LGBT Sports Observatory(1), p. 2-3.
  • Norman L (2010), Bearing the burden of doubt: Female coaches' experiences of gender relations. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 81 (4), p. 506-517.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2010.10599712
  • Norman L (2010), Feeling second best: Elite women coaches' experiences. Sociology of Sport Journal, vol. 27 (1), p. 89-104.
    https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.27.1.89
  • Norman L (2010), Understanding the change process: Valuing what it is that coaches do: A commentary. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, vol. 5 (2), p. 149-153.
    https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.5.2.149
  • Reade I; Rodgers W; Norman L (2009), The Under-Representation of Women in Coaching: A Comparison of Male and Female Canadian Coaches at Low and High Levels of Coaching. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE & COACHING, vol. 4 (4), p. 505-520.
    https://doi.org/10.1260/174795409790291439
  • Norman L (2008), The UK Coaching System is Failing Women Coaches. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE & COACHING, vol. 3 (4), p. 447-464.
    https://doi.org/10.1260/174795408787186431

Chapters (6)

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L (2017) Sport Coaching and the Inclusion of Black Women in the United Kingdom. In: Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L Race, Gender and Sport The Politics of Ethnic 'Other' Girls and Women. : Routledge, pp. .
  • Norman L (2016) Lesbian Coaches and Homophobia. In: Norman L Women in Sports Coaching. : , pp. .
  • Norman L (2016) Lesbian coaches and homophobia. In: Norman L Women in Sports Coaching. New York: Routledge, pp. 65-81.
  • Norman L (2014) The Concepts Underpinning Everyday Gendered Homophobia Based Upon the Experiences of Lesbian Coaches. In: Norman L Diversity, Equity and Inclusion in Sport and Leisure. London: Routledge, pp. .
  • Norman L (2010) British national female coaches on coaching. In: Norman L Learning culture through sports: Perspectives on society and organized sports. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, pp. .
  • Norman L (2007) The Coaching Act. In: Norman L Coaching Knowledges: Understanding the Dynamics of Sport. London: A&C Black, pp. .

Conference contributions (57)

  • DeHaan D; Norman L; LaVoi N; Knoppers A (2019) A global study of elite women football coaches: A story to tell Lyon, France . : .
  • Norman L (2019) Improving coach wellbeing through addressing diversity of the (coaching) workforce Derby . : .
  • Norman L (2019) Achieving gender equality for women in sport London . : .
  • Norman L (2018) Improving women's representation as sport coaches London . : .
  • Norman L (2018) Getting ahead in football coaching London . : .
  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; Norman L (2018) Coaching blind spots: Race and gender equality in sport coaching Leeds, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2018) Social justice: The role of the sport coach. Minneapolis, US . : .
  • Norman L; Demers G (2018) Improving gender equality in sport coaching through an organisational cultural lens: An international perspective. Minneapolis . : .
  • Norman L (2018) Research to support gender equality in sports coaching University of Staffordshire, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2018) Developing and progressing women coaches in sport organisations: What works? National Institute of Physical Education, Barcelona . : .
  • Norman L (2017) Recruiting, retaining, and progressing a more diverse coaching workforce. Lincoln, UK . : .
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2017) Lower and slower: Why recruitment, retention and progression of women coaches is held back by sport organisational culture Bern 20170905. : .
  • Norman L (2017) Presenting a programme of research on gender equality and coaching: What we are doing to improve diversity Liverpool 20170731. : .
  • Norman L (2017) Presenting the 2016 Rio Olympics gender and coaching report card: What's changed since London? Liverpool 20170731. : .
  • Norman L; Didymus F; Rankin-Wright AJ; McGoldrick M (2017) Trying to find balance and boundaries: What it means to be an international female coach University of Vic, Spain . : .
  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; norman L (2017) Coaching blind spots: race and gender equality in sport coaching Prague, Czech Republic 20170614. : .
  • Norman L (2017) Writing up research for publication: Nine key lessons Liverpool John Moores University 20170608. : .
  • Norman L (2017) Working towards gender equality in coaching: Presenting a programme of research Open University . : .
  • Norman L (2017) Why gender equality in coaching can give us the winning edge London . : .
  • Norman L; Fitzgerald H; Stride; May E; Rankin-Wright (2017) Understanding gender within sport volunteering London, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2016) Supporting the coaching workforce: Introducing a programme of organisational change for NGBs Birmingham . : .
  • Didymus FF; Norman L; Hurst M (2016) Career transitions and occupational well-being of women in leadership: The case of women as sports coaches Vienna 20160706. : .
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2016) Gender equality and coaching Stockholm, Sweden . : .
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Creating organisational cultures to support the progression of women coaches and coach educators Vienna, Austria 20160706. : .
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2016) Providing strategies towards the improvement of occupational well-being and women coaches Manchester, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2016) The need for organisational culture change: The research and practice Birmingham, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2016) Preparing NGBs for organisational change: A programme of workshops Manchester, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2016) Understanding the experiences of women sport coaches Cologne, Germany . : .
  • Norman L (2016) Understanding the impact of coaching on the lives of women Oxford, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2015) An introduction to gender mainstreaming in sport. Implementing Gender Mainstreaming in Sport conference Strasbourg, France . : .
  • Norman L (2015) Inspiring women in sport: Addressing occupational well-being for women coaches Derry, Northern Ireland . : .
  • Norman L (2015) Occupational well-being and women coaches: An introduction to a 3 stage research cluster Institut Nacional d'Educació Física de Catalunya . : .
  • Norman L (2015) Occupational well-being and women coaches: Introducing the intervention Institut Nacional d'Educació Física de Catalunya . : .
  • Norman L (2015) The impact of an "equal opportunities" ideological framework on coaches' knowledge and practice Toronto, Canada . : .
  • Norman L (2015) Addressing occupational well-being for women coaches Coventry, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2015) Researching the careers, lives and wellbeing of women coaches Cardiff, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2014) Understanding and achieving gender equality: For young athletes, coaches and sports organisations Berlin, Germany . : .
  • Norman L (2014) Gender and coaching at Olympic level Glasgow 20140727. : .
  • Azurmendi A; Norman L; Cayer I (2014) Psychosocial barriers for women as referees and coaches: Presenting an international perspective Helsinki, Finland . : .
  • Norman L (2014) The Gender & Coaching Report Card for the London 2012 Olympics Helsinki, Finland . : .
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2014) Sporting experiences and coaching aspirations among Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups Leeds Metropolitan University 20140121. : .
  • Norman L (2013) Understanding the lives of lesbian coaches within the wider structural practices of their profession Leeds Metropolitan University . : .
  • Norman L (2013) Understanding the experiences of and challenges for women coaches: A UK context Malmo 20130131. : .
  • Norman L (2012) Understanding the impact of equity training on coaching practices and relations: A UK perspective New Orleans 20121107. : .
  • Norman L (2012) Solving your research problems Leeds Metropolitan University . : .
  • Norman L (2012) Connecting the Everyday Lives and Experiences of Lesbian Coaches to the Structure and Culture of their Profession: A UK perspective . UK: .
  • Norman L (2012) What High Performance Women Athletes want from Sport and Coaching . UK: .
  • Norman L (2011) Everyday Gendered Homophobia in Sport and Coaching: The experiences of lesbian coaches . USA: .
  • Norman L (2011) Meeting the Coaching Needs of High Performance Women Athletes Belfast, UK . UK: .
  • Norman L (2010) Developing a theory of everyday gendered homophobia Leeds Metropolitan University . : .
  • Norman L (2010) Meeting the coaching needs of high performance women athletes Cardiff, UK . : .
  • Norman L (2010) The process of representing the experiences of lesbian coaches: developing a theory of everyday gendered homophobia . UK: .
  • Norman L (2007) Interrogating the absence of women in senior and elite positions of coaching University of Bath . : .
  • Norman L (2006) The absence of women in senior and elite positions of coaching: Gender as relations of power Vancouver 20061101. : .
  • Norman L (2006) The process of representing elite women coaches in sport Liverpool John Moores University . : .
  • Norman L (2006) The importance of a qualitative research approach to the study of women in sport University of Bath . : .
  • Norman L (2005) How and why have women coaches perpetuated and /or challenged masculine hegemony? University of Bath . : .

Newspaper or magazine articles (3)

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (In press), Exploring the lack of racial diversity within the UK sports coaching profession. Equality Focus on Sport, vol. 105
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (In press), Career transitions and occupational well-being of women in leadership: The case of women as sports coaches.. Eqaulity Focus on Sport, vol. 123
  • Norman L (2012), How Equality in Sport is undermined by Compulsory Heterosexuality. On the Issues Magazine

Reports (10)

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L (2017) 'Ignite your Coaching' Monitoring and Evaluation Project for British Cycling, Final Report. . .
  • Kaiseler M; McGoldrick M; Rankin-Wright AJ; Didymus F; Norman L (2017) Evaluation report on "Changing the culture of Coaching" workshop series: A report prepared for Sports Coach UK. . Leeds: Sports Coach UK.
  • Norman L; Fitzgerald H; Stride A; May E; Rankin-Wright A; Flintoff A; O'Dwyer L; Barnes L; Stanley R; Gilbert V (2017) Understanding women as sport volunteers. . Leeds: Leeds Beckett University.
  • Didymus FF; Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding Occupational Well-being and Women Sports Coaches. . Sports Coach UK.
  • Norman L; Didymus FF; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding Occupational Well-being and Women Sports Coaches. . Sports Coach UK.
  • Hylton K (2016) 'Race', Racism and Football. . .
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Examining the career pathways and experiences of qualified women coaches and tutors: A report for the English Football Association. . Leeds: Research Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University..
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding what male and female athletes want from sport coaching - Supporting coaches to be gender-responsive practitioners: A report for Sport Wales. . Leeds: Research Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University.
  • Fletcher TE; Piggott D; North J; Hylton K; Gilbert S; Norman L (2014) Exploring the barriers to South Asian cricket players' entry and progression in coaching. . England and Wales Cricket Board.
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L; Hylton K; Flintoff A; North J; Rankin-Wright AJ (2014) Exploring Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) sports participants' motivations, enablers and constrains concerning the pathway into coaching. . Leeds: Sports Coach UK.
Show/hide all publications

Related News

Blog Articles

Back to Top Button
Back to Top Button