To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that supports HTML5 video

Dr Leanne Norman


About Dr Leanne Norman

Leanne is a Reader within the Carnegie School of Sport. Her research utilises a critical sociological lens to examine the culture of coaching to address gender equality and provide evidence for the need to diversify the coaching workforce.

Leanne is an internationally recognised researcher for her research and writing within the area of gender equality and issues of diversity related to sports coaching, sports leadership, and organisations. Her work is driven towards improving the participation, performance, and leadership pathways for diverse social groups, principally, different groups of women.

Her work utilises a sociological lens to examine the culture of coaching and sports organisations. She also leads work around understanding the relationship between gender and occupational well-being for coaches, examining the influence of gender on the coach-athlete relationship, and how organisational change can support diversity and workforce development for coaches. Leanne has written for academic and practitioner textbooks, written educational resources for coaches, and has published widely in academic journals related to sport and social issues.

She has led national and international research projects as well as acted as academic expert and consultant for research funded by sport councils, governing bodies and federations, and charities. Leanne utilises such research as the evidence for impactful outreach activities including leading the delivery of programmes towards supporting women to enhance their experience of sports coaching as a credible and valuable profession, as well as acting consultant for a number of organisations to support them towards creating a diverse leadership and coaching workforce.

Research Interests

  • Gender equality in sport and coaching
  • Sport organisational culture and change
  • Broader equity and diversity issues within sport and coaching
  • Coaching sociology
  • Critical feminist sociology
  • Race and ethnicity in sport and coaching
  • Qualitative research methods
  • Implementing and promoting equality in sporting governing bodies
  • Coach education, practices and processes
  • The coach-athlete relationship
  • Coaching knowledges
  • Coaching and power

Selected Publications

Journal articles (30)

Chapters (6)

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L (2017) Sport Coaching and the Inclusion of Black Women in the United Kingdom. In: Race, Gender and Sport The Politics of Ethnic 'Other' Girls and Women. : Routledge, pp. .
  • Norman L (2016) Lesbian Coaches and Homophobia. In: LaVoi NM Women in Sports Coaching. : , pp. .
  • Norman L (2016) Lesbian coaches and homophobia. In: Women in Sports Coaching. New York: Routledge, pp. 65-81.
  • Norman L (2014) The Concepts Underpinning Everyday Gendered Homophobia Based Upon the Experiences of Lesbian Coaches. In: Fletcher T; Dashper K Diversity, Equity and Inclusion in Sport and Leisure. London: Routledge, pp. .
  • Norman L (2010) British national female coaches on coaching. In: Spickard-Prettyman S; Lampman B Learning culture through sports: Perspectives on society and organized sports. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, pp. .
  • Norman L (2007) The Coaching Act. In: Denison J Coaching Knowledges: Understanding the Dynamics of Sport. London: A&C Black, pp. .

Conference contributions (66)

  • Norman L (2019) Building inclusive football coaching workforces University of Bolton 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Understanding the impact of organisational culture in the context of recruiting women coaches Helsinki, Finland 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • DeHaan D; Norman L; LaVoi N; Knoppers A (2019) A global study of elite women football coaches: A story to tell Lyon, France 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Improving coach wellbeing through addressing diversity of the (coaching) workforce Derby 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Achieving gender equality for women in sport London 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Breaking the cycle: tackling underrepresentation of visible ethnic minorities in coaching London 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L; McGoldrick M (2019) Evaluating the changing experiences of women football coaches. St George's Park, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Improving gender equity and organisational processes in football coaching Leeds, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Creating organisational cultures that support inclusive workplaces in sport Barcelona, Spain 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Making gender equality a reality Athens 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2019) Understanding the impact of organisational cultural climates and the context of women coaches' experiences New York 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Didymus FF; Hurst M; Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ; Clarke N (2018) Work-related stressors, health, and psychological well-being among sports coaches Denver, USA 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2018) Improving women's representation as sport coaches London 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2018) Getting ahead in football coaching London 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; Norman L (2018) Coaching blind spots: Race and gender equality in sport coaching Leeds, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2018) Social justice: The role of the sport coach. Minneapolis, US 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L; Demers G (2018) Improving gender equality in sport coaching through an organisational cultural lens: An international perspective. Minneapolis 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2018) Research to support gender equality in sports coaching University of Staffordshire, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2018) Developing and progressing women coaches in sport organisations: What works? National Institute of Physical Education, Barcelona 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2017) Recruiting, retaining, and progressing a more diverse coaching workforce. Lincoln, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2017) Lower and slower: Why recruitment, retention and progression of women coaches is held back by sport organisational culture Bern 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2017) Presenting a programme of research on gender equality and coaching: What we are doing to improve diversity Liverpool 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2017) Presenting the 2016 Rio Olympics gender and coaching report card: What's changed since London? Liverpool 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L; Didymus F; Rankin-Wright AJ; McGoldrick M (2017) Trying to find balance and boundaries: What it means to be an international female coach University of Vic, Spain 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; norman L (2017) Coaching blind spots: race and gender equality in sport coaching Prague, Czech Republic 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2017) Writing up research for publication: Nine key lessons Liverpool John Moores University 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2017) Working towards gender equality in coaching: Presenting a programme of research Open University 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2017) Why gender equality in coaching can give us the winning edge London 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L; Fitzgerald H; Stride; May E; Rankin-Wright (2017) Understanding gender within sport volunteering London, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2016) Supporting the coaching workforce: Introducing a programme of organisational change for NGBs Birmingham 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Didymus FF; Norman L; Hurst M (2016) Career transitions and occupational well-being of women in leadership: The case of women as sports coaches Vienna 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2016) Gender equality and coaching Stockholm, Sweden 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Creating organisational cultures to support the progression of women coaches and coach educators Vienna, Austria 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L (2016) The need for organisational culture change: The research and practice Birmingham, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2016) Preparing NGBs for organisational change: A programme of workshops Manchester, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2016) Understanding the experiences of women sport coaches Cologne, Germany 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2016) Understanding the impact of coaching on the lives of women Oxford, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2016) Providing strategies towards the improvement of occupational well-being and women coaches Manchester, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2015) An introduction to gender mainstreaming in sport. Implementing Gender Mainstreaming in Sport conference Strasbourg, France 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2015) Inspiring women in sport: Addressing occupational well-being for women coaches Derry, Northern Ireland 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2015) Occupational well-being and women coaches: An introduction to a 3 stage research cluster Institut Nacional d'Educació Física de Catalunya 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2015) Occupational well-being and women coaches: Introducing the intervention Institut Nacional d'Educació Física de Catalunya 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2015) The impact of an "equal opportunities" ideological framework on coaches' knowledge and practice Toronto, Canada 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2015) Addressing occupational well-being for women coaches Coventry, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2015) Researching the careers, lives and wellbeing of women coaches Cardiff, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2014) Understanding and achieving gender equality: For young athletes, coaches and sports organisations Berlin, Germany 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2014) Gender and coaching at Olympic level Glasgow 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Azurmendi A; Norman L; Cayer I (2014) Psychosocial barriers for women as referees and coaches: Presenting an international perspective Helsinki, Finland 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2014) The Gender & Coaching Report Card for the London 2012 Olympics Helsinki, Finland 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2014) Sporting experiences and coaching aspirations among Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups Leeds Metropolitan University 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2013) Understanding the lives of lesbian coaches within the wider structural practices of their profession Leeds Metropolitan University 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2013) Understanding the experiences of and challenges for women coaches: A UK context Malmo 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2012) Understanding the impact of equity training on coaching practices and relations: A UK perspective New Orleans 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2012) Solving your research problems Leeds Metropolitan University 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2012) Connecting the Everyday Lives and Experiences of Lesbian Coaches to the Structure and Culture of their Profession: A UK perspective 01/01/0001 00:00:00. UK:
  • Norman L (2012) What High Performance Women Athletes want from Sport and Coaching 01/01/0001 00:00:00. UK:
  • Norman L (2011) Everyday Gendered Homophobia in Sport and Coaching: The experiences of lesbian coaches 01/01/0001 00:00:00. USA:
  • Norman L (2011) Meeting the Coaching Needs of High Performance Women Athletes Belfast, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00. UK:
  • Norman L (2010) Meeting the coaching needs of high performance women athletes Cardiff, UK 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2010) The process of representing the experiences of lesbian coaches: developing a theory of everyday gendered homophobia 01/01/0001 00:00:00. UK:
  • Norman L (2010) Developing a theory of everyday gendered homophobia Leeds Metropolitan University 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2007) Interrogating the absence of women in senior and elite positions of coaching University of Bath 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2006) The absence of women in senior and elite positions of coaching: Gender as relations of power Vancouver 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2006) The process of representing elite women coaches in sport Liverpool John Moores University 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2006) The importance of a qualitative research approach to the study of women in sport University of Bath 01/01/0001 00:00:00.
  • Norman L (2005) How and why have women coaches perpetuated and /or challenged masculine hegemony? University of Bath 01/01/0001 00:00:00.

Newspaper or magazine articles (3)

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (In press), Exploring the lack of racial diversity within the UK sports coaching profession
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (In press), Career transitions and occupational well-being of women in leadership: The case of women as sports coaches.
  • Norman L (2012), How Equality in Sport is undermined by Compulsory Heterosexuality

Other (2)

  • Lara-Bercial S; North J; Till K; Abraham A; Norman L; Ashford M; Mitchell T; Emmonds S (2019), iCoachKids Plus Erasmus+ Project
  • Lara-Bercial S; North J; Till K; Norman L; Abraham A; Ashford M; Petrovic L; Livingstone K; Emmonds S; Mitchell T (2019), iCoachKids Erasmus+ Project

Reports (15)

  • Norman L; Norris L; Didymus F (2019) Understanding the changing experiences of women football coaches: A final report for the English Football Association. Leeds: Leeds Beckett University.
  • Norman L; Norris L; McGoldrick M; Clarke N (2019) Mentee coaches' experiences and key stakeholder perspectives within the FA Elite menteeship programme: A final report for the English Football Association. Leeds: Leeds Beckett University.
  • Norman L; McGoldrick M (2019) Understanding the impact of club cultural climates in the context of recruiting women coaches in the Women's Super League: Phase 2 final report for the English Football Association. Leeds: Leeds Beckett University.
  • DeHaan D; Norman L (2019) What role can men play in facilitating gender equity in Football Governance?. Nyon: UEFA.
  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L (2017) 'Ignite your Coaching' Monitoring and Evaluation Project for British Cycling, Final Report.
  • Kaiseler M; McGoldrick M; Rankin-Wright AJ; Didymus F; Norman L (2017) Evaluation report on "Changing the culture of Coaching" workshop series: A report prepared for Sports Coach UK. Leeds: Sports Coach UK.
  • Norman L; Fitzgerald H; Stride A; May E; Rankin-Wright A; Flintoff A; O'Dwyer L; Barnes L; Stanley R; Gilbert V (2017) Understanding women as sport volunteers. Leeds: Leeds Beckett University.
  • Didymus FF; Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding Occupational Well-being and Women Sports Coaches. Sports Coach UK.
  • Norman L; Didymus FF; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding Occupational Well-being and Women Sports Coaches. Sports Coach UK.
  • Hylton K (2016) 'Race', Racism and Football.
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding what male and female athletes want from sport coaching - Supporting coaches to be gender-responsive practitioners: A report for Sport Wales. Leeds: Research Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University.
  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Examining the career pathways and experiences of qualified women coaches and tutors: A report for the English Football Association. Leeds: Research Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University..
  • Fletcher T; Piggott D; North J; Hylton K; Glibert S; Norman L (2014) Exploring the barriers to South Asian cricket players' entry and progression into coaching: A report for the England and Wales Cricket Board..
  • Fletcher TE; Piggott D; North J; Hylton K; Gilbert S; Norman L (2014) Exploring the barriers to South Asian cricket players' entry and progression in coaching. England and Wales Cricket Board.
    View Repository Record
  • Norman L; Hylton K; Flintoff A; North J; Rankin-Wright AJ (2014) Exploring Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) sports participants' motivations, enablers and constrains concerning the pathway into coaching. Leeds: Sports Coach UK.
Show/hide all publications

Related News

Blog Articles

Back to Top Button