Professor Leanne Norman, Professor

Professor Leanne Norman

Professor

Leanne is a Professor of Sport and Sociocultural Studies and Director of the Research Centre for Social Justice in Sport and Society within the Carnegie School of Sport. Her research utilises a critical sociological lens to examine sport organisational and coaching cultures to address gender equity and diversity within sport coaching workforces.

Leanne is an internationally recognised researcher for her research and writing within the area of gender equality and issues of diversity related to sports coaching, sports leadership, and organisations. Her work is driven towards improving the participation, performance, and leadership pathways for diverse social groups, principally, different groups of women.

The programme of research Leanne leads within the Carnegie School of Sport is focused on advancing our understanding of gender equity, diversity, and inclusion within sport coaching workforces and how such issues link to organisational processes and cultures. Underpinned by critical social research, the programme of work has significantly contributed to an improvement in national and international understanding of, and approaches to: women's experiences of sport and coaching; the link between sport organisational culture and diversity and inclusion (D&I); the influence of gender on coach-athlete relationships; the intersections of identity for the impact on coaches’ lives and experiences (for example, how gender intersects with race and ethnicity); and sport organisational approaches to building inclusive leadership workforces.

Leanne has written for academic and practitioner textbooks, written educational resources for coaches, and has published widely in academic journals related to sport and social issues.

She has led national and international research projects as well as acted as academic expert and consultant for research funded by international and national sport councils, governing bodies and federations, and charities. Leanne utilises such research as the evidence for impactful outreach activities including leading the delivery of programmes towards supporting women to enhance their experience of sports coaching as a credible and valuable profession, as well as acting consultant for a number of organisations to support them towards creating a diverse leadership and coaching workforce.

Current Teaching

  • BSc Sport Coaching
  • MSc Sport Coaching
  • PhD supervision

Research Interests

Gender equity in sport and coaching; Sport organisational culture and change; Broader equity and diversity (intersectional) issues within sport and coaching; Coaching sociology; Critical feminist sociology; Qualitative research methods; Implementing and promoting inclusive ways of working in sporting governing bodies; Coach education, practices and processes; The coach-athlete relationship; Coaching and power.

Professor Leanne Norman, Professor

Ask Me About

  1. Sport
  2. Coaching
  3. Gender
  4. Feminism
  5. Drugs

Selected Outputs

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (In press) Career transitions and occupational well-being of women in leadership: The case of women as sports coaches.

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (In press) Exploring the lack of racial diversity within the UK sports coaching profession.

  • Norman L (2012) How Equality in Sport is undermined by Compulsory Heterosexuality.

  • Norman L (2021) Improving Gender Equity in Sports Coaching. Routledge.

  • Norman L (2021) How can we redress the gender balance in sports coaching?. In: Women in Sport & Exercise Annual Conference, Virtual.

  • DeHaan D; Norman L (2020) The role of men in advancing gender equity in European football governance. In: UEFA Research Conference, Virtual.

  • Norman L; DeHaan D (2020) Improving gender equity in high-performance sport coaching. In: English Institute of Sport and UK Sport CPD training session, Virtual.

  • Norman L (2019) Building inclusive football coaching workforces. In: FARE Football People & Football Discrimination Symposium, University of Bolton.

  • Norman L (2019) Understanding the impact of organisational culture in the context of recruiting women coaches. In: Coaching Association of Finland, Coach like a Women conference, Helsinki, Finland.

  • DeHaan D; Norman L; LaVoi N; Knoppers A (2019) A global study of elite women football coaches: A story to tell. In: Equal Playing Field Equality Summit, Lyon, France.

  • Norman L (2019) Making gender equality a reality. In: Athens Women's Football Summit, Athens.

  • Norman L (2019) Creating organisational cultures that support inclusive workplaces in sport. In: Equality at stake: LGTBI, physical education and sport, Barcelona, Spain.

  • Norman L (2019) Improving coach wellbeing through addressing diversity of the (coaching) workforce. In: UK Coaching Research Conference, Derby.

  • Norman L (2019) Improving gender equity and organisational processes in football coaching. In: West Riding County Football Association Staff Training Workshop, Leeds, UK.

  • Norman L (2019) Achieving gender equality for women in sport. In: Achieving gender equality for women in sport Westminster Insight Forum, London.

  • Norman L (2019) Breaking the cycle: tackling underrepresentation of visible ethnic minorities in coaching. In: Race and Cultural Diversity in Sports, London.

  • Norman L (2019) Understanding the impact of organisational cultural climates and the context of women coaches' experiences. In: AISEP international annual conference, New York.

  • Norman L; McGoldrick M (2019) Evaluating the changing experiences of women football coaches. In: The Football Association Women and Girls’ Football Group, St George's Park, UK.

  • Didymus FF; Hurst M; Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ; Clarke N (2018) Work-related stressors, health, and psychological well-being among sports coaches. In: North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Annual Conference, 21 June 2018 - 23 June 2018, Denver, USA.

  • Norman L (2018) Improving women's representation as sport coaches. In: Kick it Out: Women's aise Your Game Event, London.

  • Norman L (2018) Getting ahead in football coaching. In: Kick it Out: Women's Raise Your Game Event, London.

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; Norman L (2018) Coaching blind spots: Race and gender equality in sport coaching. In: Gender Research Conference, Leeds, UK.

  • Norman L; Demers G (2018) Improving gender equality in sport coaching through an organisational cultural lens: An international perspective. In: Social Justice in Sport and Exercise Psychology conference, Minneapolis.

  • Norman L (2018) Research to support gender equality in sports coaching. In: Women in Sport and Exercise Conference, University of Staffordshire, UK.

  • Norman L (2018) Social justice: The role of the sport coach. In: Social Justice in Sport and Exercise Psychology conference, Minneapolis, US.

  • Norman L (2018) Developing and progressing women coaches in sport organisations: What works?. In: International workshop on women in the sport professions, National Institute of Physical Education, Barcelona.

  • Norman L (2017) Recruiting, retaining, and progressing a more diverse coaching workforce. In: England Rugby workforce, training, and development day, Lincoln, UK.

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2017) Lower and slower: Why recruitment, retention and progression of women coaches is held back by sport organisational culture. In: European Sport Management Congress, 5 September 2017 - 8 September 2017, Bern.

  • Norman L (2017) Presenting a programme of research on gender equality and coaching: What we are doing to improve diversity. In: ICCE Global Coaching Conference, 31 July 2017 - 2 August 2017, Liverpool.

  • Norman L (2017) Presenting the 2016 Rio Olympics gender and coaching report card: What's changed since London?. In: ICCE Global Coaching Conference, 31 July 2017 - 2 August 2017, Liverpool.

  • Norman L; Didymus F; Rankin-Wright AJ; McGoldrick M (2017) Trying to find balance and boundaries: What it means to be an international female coach. In: Regionalism and nationalism in international sport, University of Vic, Spain.

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Hylton K; norman L (2017) Coaching blind spots: race and gender equality in sport coaching. In: The 14th European Association for Sociology of Sport Conference, 14 June 2017 - 17 June 2017, Prague, Czech Republic.

  • Norman L (2017) Writing up research for publication: Nine key lessons. In: Education, Health, and Community Research Festival, 8 June 2017, Liverpool John Moores University.

  • Norman L (2017) Working towards gender equality in coaching: Presenting a programme of research. In: Contemporary Sport Coaching conference, Open University.

  • Norman L (2017) Why gender equality in coaching can give us the winning edge. In: Swedish Sport Federation and Sports Coach UK Shine Elite Women in Coaching Event, London.

  • Norman L; Fitzgerald H; Stride; May E; Rankin-Wright (2017) Understanding gender within sport volunteering. In: Women in Sport partner event, London, UK.

  • Norman L (2016) Supporting the coaching workforce: Introducing a programme of organisational change for NGBs. In: UK Coaching Network Forum, Birmingham.

  • Didymus FF; Norman L; Hurst M (2016) Career transitions and occupational well-being of women in leadership: The case of women as sports coaches. In: 21st Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 6 July 2016 - 9 July 2016, Vienna.

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  • Norman L (2016) Gender equality and coaching. In: European Women and Sport bi-annual conference, Stockholm, Sweden.

  • Norman L (2016) The need for organisational culture change: The research and practice. In: UK Coaching Network Forum, Birmingham, UK.

  • Norman L (2016) Understanding the experiences of women sport coaches. In: EU SCORE final conference, Cologne, Germany.

  • Norman L (2016) Providing strategies towards the improvement of occupational well-being and women coaches. In: Future of Coaching: Sports Coach UK conference, Manchester, UK.

  • Norman L (2016) Preparing NGBs for organisational change: A programme of workshops. In: Investment in Sport and Physical Activity, Manchester, UK.

  • Norman L (2016) Understanding the impact of coaching on the lives of women. In: UK Sport and Women in Sport High Performance Women in Sport event, Oxford, UK.

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Creating organisational cultures to support the progression of women coaches and coach educators. In: 21st Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science, 6 July 2016 - 10 July 2016, Vienna, Austria.

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  • Norman L (2015) An introduction to gender mainstreaming in sport. Implementing Gender Mainstreaming in Sport conference. In: Enlarged Partial Agreement in Sport (Council of Europe) and European Women and Sport, Strasbourg, France.

  • Norman L (2015) Inspiring women in sport: Addressing occupational well-being for women coaches. In: Sport Northern Ireland coaches and coach educators training event, Derry, Northern Ireland.

  • Norman L (2015) Occupational well-being and women coaches: An introduction to a 3 stage research cluster. In: Research cluster sharing event, Institut Nacional d'Educació Física de Catalunya.

  • Norman L (2015) Occupational well-being and women coaches: Introducing the intervention. In: Research cluster sharing event, Institut Nacional d'Educació Física de Catalunya.

  • Norman L (2015) The impact of an "equal opportunities" ideological framework on coaches’ knowledge and practice. In: International Sport in Society annual conference, Toronto, Canada.

  • Norman L (2015) Addressing occupational well-being for women coaches. In: Annual County Sports Partnership conference, Coventry, UK.

  • Norman L (2015) Researching the careers, lives and wellbeing of women coaches. In: The UK Coaching Summit, Cardiff, UK.

  • Norman L (2014) Understanding and achieving gender equality: For young athletes, coaches and sports organisations. In: . ‘Pro-Safe Sport’ Expert Workshop for the European Council Enlarged Partial Agreement for Sport, Berlin, Germany.

  • Norman L (2014) Gender and coaching at Olympic level. In: Global Coaches House, 27 July 2014, Glasgow.

  • Azurmendi A; Norman L; Cayer I (2014) Psychosocial barriers for women as referees and coaches: Presenting an international perspective. In: International Working Group on Women in Sport World Conference, Helsinki, Finland.

  • Norman L (2014) The Gender & Coaching Report Card for the London 2012 Olympics. In: International Working Group on Women in Sport World Conference, Helsinki, Finland.

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2014) Sporting experiences and coaching aspirations among Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) groups. In: Research Institute for Sport, Physical Activity & Leisure annual conference, 21 January 2014, Leeds Metropolitan University.

  • Norman L (2013) Understanding the lives of lesbian coaches within the wider structural practices of their profession. In: LGBT history month, Leeds Metropolitan University.

  • Norman L (2013) Understanding the experiences of and challenges for women coaches: A UK context. In: Where are all the women? Conference, 31 January 2013 - 1 February 2013, Malmo.

  • Norman L (2012) Understanding the impact of equity training on coaching practices and relations: A UK perspective. In: North American Society for the Sociology of Sport Annual Conference, 7 November 2012 - 10 November 2012, New Orleans.

  • Norman L (2012) Solving your research problems. In: British Educational Research Association Early Career Researcher in Physical Education and Sports Pedagogy Conference, Leeds Metropolitan University.

  • Norman L (2012) What High Performance Women Athletes want from Sport and Coaching. In: Global Coaches House.

  • Norman L (2012) Connecting the Everyday Lives and Experiences of Lesbian Coaches to the Structure and Culture of their Profession: A UK perspective. In: International Convention on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport (ICSEMIS).

  • Norman L (2011) Everyday Gendered Homophobia in Sport and Coaching: The experiences of lesbian coaches. In: Women's Health Conference: Scholarly Work on Women, Science, Technology and Society.

  • Norman L (2011) Meeting the Coaching Needs of High Performance Women Athletes. In: Sports UK Research Forum, Belfast, UK.

  • Norman L (2010) The process of representing the experiences of lesbian coaches: developing a theory of everyday gendered homophobia. In: The 6th Meeting of the Transitional Working Group for the Study of Gender and Sport.

  • Norman L (2010) Meeting the coaching needs of high performance women athletes. In: UK Coaching Summit, Cardiff, UK.

  • Norman L (2010) Developing a theory of everyday gendered homophobia. In: Carnegie Research Institute Seminar Series, Leeds Metropolitan University.

  • Norman L (2007) Interrogating the absence of women in senior and elite positions of coaching. In: Department of Education seminar series, University of Bath.

  • Norman L (2006) The absence of women in senior and elite positions of coaching: Gender as relations of power. In: North American Society for the Sociology of Sport Annual Conference, 1 November 2006, Vancouver.

  • Norman L (2006) The importance of a qualitative research approach to the study of women in sport. In: Department of Education Research Student Annual Conference, University of Bath.

  • Norman L (2006) The process of representing elite women coaches in sport. In: International Qualitative Conference in Sport and Exercise and 1st International Sporting Cultures Conference, Liverpool John Moores University.

  • Norman L (2005) How and why have women coaches perpetuated and /or challenged masculine hegemony?. In: Sociocultural Aspects of Sport Research Cluster Seminar Series, University of Bath.

  • Norman L (2021) Renaming and reshaping the challenge of improving gender equity in sport coaching. Pike E ed. . Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 174-188.

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L (2017) Sport Coaching and the Inclusion of Black Women in the United Kingdom. In: Race, Gender and Sport The Politics of Ethnic 'Other' Girls and Women. Routledge,

  • Norman L (2016) Lesbian coaches and homophobia. In: Women in Sports Coaching. New York: Routledge, pp. 65-81.

  • Norman L (2016) Lesbian Coaches and Homophobia. In: LaVoi NM ed. Women in Sports Coaching.

  • Norman L (2014) The Concepts Underpinning Everyday Gendered Homophobia Based Upon the Experiences of Lesbian Coaches. In: Fletcher T; Dashper K ed. Diversity, Equity and Inclusion in Sport and Leisure. London: Routledge,

  • Norman L (2010) British national female coaches on coaching. In: Spickard-Prettyman S; Lampman B ed. Learning culture through sports: Perspectives on society and organized sports. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers,

  • Norman L (2007) The Coaching Act. In: Denison J ed. Coaching Knowledges: Understanding the Dynamics of Sport. London: A&C Black,

  • Norman L (2020) Achieving Gender Equity in High Performance UK Athletics Coaching.

  • DeHaan D; Norman L (2019) What role can men play in facilitating gender equity in Football Governance?.

  • Norman L; McGoldrick M (2019) Understanding the impact of club cultural climates in the context of recruiting women coaches in the Women’s Super League: Phase 2 final report for the English Football Association.

  • Norman L; Norris L; Didymus F (2019) Understanding the changing experiences of women football coaches: A final report for the English Football Association.

  • Norman L; Norris L; McGoldrick M; Clarke N (2019) Mentee coaches' experiences and key stakeholder perspectives within the FA Elite menteeship programme: A final report for the English Football Association.

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L (2017) ‘Ignite your Coaching’ Monitoring and Evaluation Project for British Cycling, Final Report.

  • Kaiseler M; McGoldrick M; Rankin-Wright AJ; Didymus F; Norman L (2017) Evaluation report on “Changing the culture of Coaching” workshop series: A report prepared for Sports Coach UK.

  • Norman L; Fitzgerald H; Stride A; May E; Rankin-Wright A; Flintoff A; O'Dwyer L; Barnes L; Stanley R; Gilbert V (2017) Understanding women as sport volunteers.

  • Rankin-Wright AJ; Norman L; Kaiseler M (2016) ‘Ignite your Coaching’ Monitoring and Evaluation Project for British Cycling, Executive Summary One.

  • Didymus FF; Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding Occupational Well-being and Women Sports Coaches.

  • Norman L; Didymus FF; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding Occupational Well-being and Women Sports Coaches.

  • Hylton K (2016) ‘Race’, Racism and Football.

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  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Understanding what male and female athletes want from sport coaching - Supporting coaches to be gender-responsive practitioners: A report for Sport Wales.

  • Norman L; Rankin-Wright AJ (2016) Examining the career pathways and experiences of qualified women coaches and tutors: A report for the English Football Association.

  • Norman L; Hylton K; Flintoff A; North J; Rankin-Wright AJ (2014) Exploring Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) sports participants’ motivations, enablers and constrains concerning the pathway into coaching.

  • Fletcher T; Piggott D; North J; Hylton K; Glibert S; Norman L (2014) Exploring the barriers to South Asian cricket players’ entry and progression into coaching: A report for the England and Wales Cricket Board.

  • Fletcher TE; Piggott D; North J; Hylton K; Gilbert S; Norman L (2014) Exploring the barriers to South Asian cricket players’ entry and progression in coaching.

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  • Lara-Bercial S; North J; Till K; Abraham A; Norman L; Ashford M; Mitchell T; Emmonds S (2019) iCoachKids Plus Erasmus+ Project.

  • Lara-Bercial S; North J; Till K; Norman L; Abraham A; Ashford M; Petrovic L; Livingstone K; Emmonds S; Mitchell T (2019) iCoachKids Erasmus+ Project.