BA (Hons)

History

Teaching & Learning

Your learning will follow four strands of modern history: British, European, Wider World History, and Working with History. You will develop skills in enterprise, a global outlook and an excellent standard of digital literacy. The tabs below detail what and how you will study in each year of your course. The balance of assessments and overall workload will be informed by your core modules and the option modules you choose to study – the information provided is an indication of what you can expect and may be subject to change. The option modules listed are also an indication of what will be available to you. Their availability is subject to demand and you will be advised which option modules you can choose at the beginning of each year of study.

Due to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic we are currently unable to advise on the mode of teaching for September 2021, however we will keep you updated and provide more information as soon as we can. We continue to follow government guidance and your teaching and learning will reflect the restrictions in place at the time of delivery. We currently anticipate that you may experience a blended approach – this is a mix of face-to-face, on campus and online teaching and learning. You can keep up to date with teaching and learning at Leeds Beckett via our Covid-19 website. Updated course specifications will be available in August 2021. In the meantime, our existing course specifications are available.

What you'll learn

An introduction to the dynamics of Europe's relationships with the rest of the world over the last 500 years, examining the trading links, the colonies that Europeans established, and the vast empires that Europeans built across the globe.
You will examine the histories of relocation, cultural encounter, and migration that have shaped the modern world from voyages of exploration to twentieth-century political conflict.
Investigate some of the major developments considered to have shaped the modern European world. Your studies will take a thematic approach, looking at topics such as the Enlightenment, political and industrial revolutions, changing class structures and gender relations, and Europe?s often violent encounters with the wider world. You will establish a knowledge-base of key elements of European modernity and a chronological framework for further study.
This module will introduce you to the key themes and historical debates around the emergence of modern Britain, predominantly through a social and cultural lens. You will study the key developments in the era, exploring urbanisation, the class system, popular culture and mass leisure, crime, poverty and social reform through your lectures. Your seminars will focus on source analysis and group work, with emphasis on the core assessment of the module.
Gain an introduction to the major political, social, and cultural developments in 20th-Century Europe. You will adopt thematic and comparative approaches to the study European societies to build a useful framework for understanding modernity to post-modernity during this period. You will study a number of key areas including World War One, interwar Europe, World War Two and the Holocaust, post-war European population movements, reconstruction and integration, Cold War Europe and the 'Atomic Age', European society and culture in the 'age of affluence'.
An opportunity to study the role of the public historian and others in creating and using historical knowledge in non-academic environments, such as heritage sites and on television.
An introduction to the dynamics of Europe's relationships with the rest of the world over the last 500 years, examining the trading links, the colonies that Europeans established, and the vast empires that Europeans built across the globe.
You will examine the histories of relocation, cultural encounter, and migration that have shaped the modern world from voyages of exploration to twentieth-century political conflict.
Investigate some of the major developments considered to have shaped the modern European world. Your studies will take a thematic approach, looking at topics such as the Enlightenment, political and industrial revolutions, changing class structures and gender relations, and Europe?s often violent encounters with the wider world. You will establish a knowledge-base of key elements of European modernity and a chronological framework for further study.
This module will introduce you to the key themes and historical debates around the emergence of modern Britain, predominantly through a social and cultural lens. You will study the key developments in the era, exploring urbanisation, the class system, popular culture and mass leisure, crime, poverty and social reform through your lectures. Your seminars will focus on source analysis and group work, with emphasis on the core assessment of the module.
Gain an introduction to the major political, social, and cultural developments in 20th-Century Europe. You will adopt thematic and comparative approaches to the study European societies to build a useful framework for understanding modernity to post-modernity during this period. You will study a number of key areas including World War One, interwar Europe, World War Two and the Holocaust, post-war European population movements, reconstruction and integration, Cold War Europe and the 'Atomic Age', European society and culture in the 'age of affluence'.
An opportunity to study the role of the public historian and others in creating and using historical knowledge in non-academic environments, such as heritage sites and on television.

What you'll learn

Your studies will be divided into two parts. In the first you will study the varied approaches historians use to study the past. In the second, you will be supported by a member of staff to develop a viable dissertation proposal.
Your studies will be divided into two parts. In the first you will study the varied approaches historians use to study the past. In the second, you will be supported by a member of staff to develop a viable dissertation proposal.

Option modules may include

Explore the ideological challenges posed by communism and fascism to liberal democracy in the 20th century. In particular, you will focus on the `Age of Extremes' (1918-1991), in which authoritarian ideologies of the left and right embraced mass politics and offered alternative visions of social and political organisation that directly challenged the hegemony of the liberal-capitalist order. This module will enable you to question the usefulness of totalitarianism as a concept to understanding this era in history.
Develop an understanding of early 20th-century British history by exploring some of the key themes in social and cultural history during the period c.1900-1950. You will hone your skills in three key areas: identification and engagement with secondary sources, identification and analysis of primary sources and the ability to communicate ideas both orally and in writing.
Study how labour in the British empire was extracted by coercive means through four main case studies: slave societies in the Caribbean, colonial Indian indentureship, slavery at the Cape between the 17th and 19th centuries and forced labour in West Africa during the interwar and World War II period. You will examine the development of slave systems and other mechanisms to compel colonised people to work, the economic and ideological rationale behind transitions to enslaved labour, the ways in which slaveholders, planters and overseers controlled workers and the many ways in which workers resisted their bondage. This module also considers the creation of new identities and cultures amongst slaves and other unfree labourers, the different experiences of men and women, and the rise of British anti-slavery from the 18th up to the mid-20th century.
Gain an understanding of late 20th-Century Britain by exploring some of the key themes in its social and cultural history during the period c.1979-1990. You will develop skills in working with primary and secondary sources, and the ability to communicate ideas effectively.
Study how different media, including visual art, material culture and literary fiction, shaped and interpreted the modern British landscape. Reflecting recent trends in social and cultural history, you will look at the history of material forms, from water to electricity, and of the senses through which the environment has been apprehended. You will then consider the conservation and the place of landscape in contemporary policy-making.
Examine the origins, implementation and aftermaths of genocide by engaging extensively with historiography and contemporary debates about victims and perpetrators, the `grey zone? of resistance, collaboration and survival, and particularly the politics of remembrance. This module will also encourage you to critically examine why past genocides, such as the Nazi Holocaust, have assumed such importance in contemporary society. You will engage with debates about the politics of commemoration requiring the use of theory and empirical evidence and consider the language and history of remembrance in relation to genocide.
Develop your historical research skill set through online lab sessions in which you will apply your learning from lectures. You will explore how to create a website using a content management system, how to use digital libraries such as JSTOR, how to use apps to understand specific landscapes of enquiry over time and the possibilities presented by virtual reality for research and research communication.
This module will cover themes of change in European history during the `Age of Revolutions', namely the period between the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 to the completion of national unifications in Italy and Germany by 1871. You will focus on the development of new political ideologies, the impact of economic and social and economic change, the advance of communications technology, cultural conflict, and reflections of all of these themes through the art and architecture of the period.
This module covers the key movements for political change in the British Isles over the period from the Wilkesite protests of the 1760s to the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. Your studies will encompass movements such as those mounted by Christopher Wyvill?s Yorkshire Association, radical movements for universal suffrage such as Chartism and violent action against the state and its functionaries such as the Despard Conspiracy, and revolutionary movements, including Irish Republicanism.
The Atlantic World was marked by a series of revolutionary transformations between the 1770s and 1848 - you'll explore how themes such as democracy, gender, race and violence ran across different revolutions.
Engage with historiographical debates which challenge long-held historical assumptions of an imperial/metropolitan divide. You will examine the role of the empire in British social, political, cultural and material life and how the relation between metropole and colony was experienced and expressed in everyday practices, such as consumer culture and popular entertainment. You will use a wide range of primary sources including visual, media and literary material. This module will explore and problematise how the empire is presented and preserved today by encouraging you to reflect critically on how histories, objects and perceptions of empire are presented in the 21st century in institutions where collections of empire are displayed.
Study an overview of the main themes of gender history from the late 19th-century to the end of the 20th century, and how cultural constructions of gender identity have changed over that time. You will tackle broad themes such as work, sex, family life, war and politics, and gender in `Western' society (broadly defined as Western Europe (including Britain), North America and Australasia).
Understand the way that humanities disciplines and skills intersect with a range of professional working contexts. You will complete 36 hours of live-brief learning to gain first-hand experience of planning, delivery and evaluating a professional working brief set by an industry partner organisation. You will work as a group across 10 weeks alongside a tutor to design, deliver, present and evaluate the brief to industry standards. As well as conducting a reflective case study of your brief, you will complete a CV, cover letter, LinkedIn profile and undertake a recorded mock interview.
Explore the ideological challenges posed by communism and fascism to liberal democracy in the 20th century. In particular, you will focus on the `Age of Extremes' (1918-1991), in which authoritarian ideologies of the left and right embraced mass politics and offered alternative visions of social and political organisation that directly challenged the hegemony of the liberal-capitalist order. This module will enable you to question the usefulness of totalitarianism as a concept to understanding this era in history.
Develop an understanding of early 20th-century British history by exploring some of the key themes in social and cultural history during the period c.1900-1950. You will hone your skills in three key areas: identification and engagement with secondary sources, identification and analysis of primary sources and the ability to communicate ideas both orally and in writing.
Study how labour in the British empire was extracted by coercive means through four main case studies: slave societies in the Caribbean, colonial Indian indentureship, slavery at the Cape between the 17th and 19th centuries and forced labour in West Africa during the interwar and World War II period. You will examine the development of slave systems and other mechanisms to compel colonised people to work, the economic and ideological rationale behind transitions to enslaved labour, the ways in which slaveholders, planters and overseers controlled workers and the many ways in which workers resisted their bondage. This module also considers the creation of new identities and cultures amongst slaves and other unfree labourers, the different experiences of men and women, and the rise of British anti-slavery from the 18th up to the mid-20th century.
Gain an understanding of late 20th-Century Britain by exploring some of the key themes in its social and cultural history during the period c.1979-1990. You will develop skills in working with primary and secondary sources, and the ability to communicate ideas effectively.
Study how different media, including visual art, material culture and literary fiction, shaped and interpreted the modern British landscape. Reflecting recent trends in social and cultural history, you will look at the history of material forms, from water to electricity, and of the senses through which the environment has been apprehended. You will then consider the conservation and the place of landscape in contemporary policy-making.
Examine the origins, implementation and aftermaths of genocide by engaging extensively with historiography and contemporary debates about victims and perpetrators, the `grey zone? of resistance, collaboration and survival, and particularly the politics of remembrance. This module will also encourage you to critically examine why past genocides, such as the Nazi Holocaust, have assumed such importance in contemporary society. You will engage with debates about the politics of commemoration requiring the use of theory and empirical evidence and consider the language and history of remembrance in relation to genocide.
Develop your historical research skill set through online lab sessions in which you will apply your learning from lectures. You will explore how to create a website using a content management system, how to use digital libraries such as JSTOR, how to use apps to understand specific landscapes of enquiry over time and the possibilities presented by virtual reality for research and research communication.
This module will cover themes of change in European history during the `Age of Revolutions', namely the period between the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 to the completion of national unifications in Italy and Germany by 1871. You will focus on the development of new political ideologies, the impact of economic and social and economic change, the advance of communications technology, cultural conflict, and reflections of all of these themes through the art and architecture of the period.
This module covers the key movements for political change in the British Isles over the period from the Wilkesite protests of the 1760s to the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922. Your studies will encompass movements such as those mounted by Christopher Wyvill?s Yorkshire Association, radical movements for universal suffrage such as Chartism and violent action against the state and its functionaries such as the Despard Conspiracy, and revolutionary movements, including Irish Republicanism.
The Atlantic World was marked by a series of revolutionary transformations between the 1770s and 1848 - you'll explore how themes such as democracy, gender, race and violence ran across different revolutions.
Engage with historiographical debates which challenge long-held historical assumptions of an imperial/metropolitan divide. You will examine the role of the empire in British social, political, cultural and material life and how the relation between metropole and colony was experienced and expressed in everyday practices, such as consumer culture and popular entertainment. You will use a wide range of primary sources including visual, media and literary material. This module will explore and problematise how the empire is presented and preserved today by encouraging you to reflect critically on how histories, objects and perceptions of empire are presented in the 21st century in institutions where collections of empire are displayed.
Study an overview of the main themes of gender history from the late 19th-century to the end of the 20th century, and how cultural constructions of gender identity have changed over that time. You will tackle broad themes such as work, sex, family life, war and politics, and gender in `Western' society (broadly defined as Western Europe (including Britain), North America and Australasia).
Understand the way that humanities disciplines and skills intersect with a range of professional working contexts. You will complete 36 hours of live-brief learning to gain first-hand experience of planning, delivery and evaluating a professional working brief set by an industry partner organisation. You will work as a group across 10 weeks alongside a tutor to design, deliver, present and evaluate the brief to industry standards. As well as conducting a reflective case study of your brief, you will complete a CV, cover letter, LinkedIn profile and undertake a recorded mock interview.

What you'll learn

You will demonstrate a full range of skills, knowledge, and competencies developed over three years of study. This module provides an opportunity for you to choose and explore a field of study that has particularly engaged your interest.
You will demonstrate a full range of skills, knowledge, and competencies developed over three years of study. This module provides an opportunity for you to choose and explore a field of study that has particularly engaged your interest.

Option modules may include

Study the initial spread of communism after 1945 to the collapse of communism in the revolutions of 1989/90. You will explore the onset of the Cold War that led to the division of Europe into `West? and `East? by the `iron curtain?. Your studies will look at the communist monopoly of power and Soviet control over Eastern Europe, and the numerous challenges, upheavals and compromises it underwent between 1945 and 1989. In addition to high-profile popular challenges to the ruling authorities such as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and the Prague Spring of 1968, this module will also see you consider the various reforms adopted, the increasing role of dissent, and some of the ways that people reacted to, reshaped and resisted communism in their everyday lives.
Examine the history of the sea, the seaside and the humans who have lived upon them since the beginning of modern globalisation in the mid-to-late-eighteenth century. You will also have the opportunity to consider the changing representation and imagination of the sea and sealife in popular culture and art.
Examine the history of Italy from the beginning of the country's national resurgence during the late 18th century to the present day. You will study the major political, economic, social and cultural developments of this history with a particular focus upon the themes of `continuity' and `change' from one period to another.
This module will examine the ways in which different kinds of public history - historic buildings and gardens, museums, writers' homes, industrial archaeology - reflect the diverse pasts of people in Britain. You will be equipped with the skills to analyse the processes which help and hinder historical changes, the commercial and policy pressures faced by heritage bodies, and changing legislation such as the 2010 Equalities Act. You will also develop skills in analysing these debates in order to apply your knowledge to particular sites and the interpretations of social history that they offer.
Explore the longer history of civil rights in the United States and Canada from the Civil War until today by studying a broad range of people including marginalised populations such as indigenous groups, women, children, and the LGBTQ community. You will study major themes in the history of race, ethnicity, and culture in North America, covering such topics as suffrage, eugenics, Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Black Zionism, Red Power, urban ghettos, music, Idle No More, and politics.
Consider the development of the criminal justice system during the 18th and 19th centuries. In particular you will explore the role that transportation to North America and Australia played in convicts' lives in that period. You will use the Old Bailey and Digital Panopticon online digital sources to explore convict lives across time and space.
Explore the origins of modern environmentalism, examining the development of ideas and beliefs about nature and its conservation on a worldwide scale over the past two centuries. You will study key themes and approaches in the relatively new field of environmental history. Major analytical issues that you will explore include cultural attitudes to nature, changing technologies, the environmental impacts of colonial expansion, increasing industrialization and urbanization, and political and legislative responses to environmental problems.
Gain hands-on experience of making public history by working in a small group on a discrete local history project commissioned by an external group or member of academic staff. Training workshops and tutorials will help guide you through the research process and the final outcome will be determined by each group in consultation with their sponsor. This module will reflect a growing interest in local communities about the places where they live, and will provide you with the opportunity to critically reflect on the skills you have developed and the public role of the historian.
Consider the social, political and cultural histories of Paris in the 19th century. Starting with Napoleon's demise in 1815, you will trace the rise and fall of the many political dynasties and systems which came and went in this period. You will then move on to looking at social and cultural change, as well as the developments in urban planning and infrastructure, all of which caused many to consider Paris the `Capital of the 19th Century.'
Study the role that the street has played since the mid-19th century in shaping our lives and identities. This module is concerned with the everyday lives of urban dwellers who used streets for work, leisure, travel, and living in its many legal and illegal ways. You will examine the different users of the street, and the changing representation of the street across our period. In addition to lectures and seminars, you will attend classes off-campus - on the streets and in the arcades with walking tours, in the city's public libraries and in museums. You will be introduced to the variety of primary sources that reveal the personality of a city's streets and activities, around which you will write assignments: photographs, film, maps, newspapers, testimonies, and the buildings and public spaces themselves.
By reflecting on learning acquired through work placements, this module will focus on promoting self-awareness of your ‘career story’. You will look at how you evaluate your current skills, explore the future possibilities in your career development and navigate pathways through those chosen possibilities. This module will enable you to become ‘cartographer’ of your own future experience. You will embark upon a minimum of 80 hours work placement, supported by reflective exercises, and build expertise and confidence through a range of assessments designed by the course team and employer partners. Conceptualised and designed by digital specialists, the module is purposefully created to be delivered and experienced online – reflecting the increasingly distributed nature of work communications and embracing digital environments as an integral aspect of how employees and the self-employed progress their careers.
This module will trace the history of British holidaymaking abroad by considering motives for and experiences of travel. You will evaluate changes in how travellers journeyed across two centuries, and explore notions including national identity, racial inequality, coming of age, gender and pilgrimage, which are enabled and challenged by foreign holidaying. Drawing on diaries, travel ephemera, journalism and instructive literature, you will study documents replete with accounts of Britishness, how to behave, what to see and do, the value of empire and the unpredictable nature of foreigners. You will also consider the ways in which encounters with other cultures and peoples are recorded, understood, and justified and in so doing understand how travel documents can reveal as much about British prejudices and perceptions as they reveal about the locations being visited.
Consider the question of what constitutes `national identity? and the relationship between cultural identities and the political questions of the day. This module will place the debate in historical context, exploring the emergence of a `United Kingdom? from the acts of union with Scotland and Ireland in 1707 and 1801 respectively to the partial disintegration of this union with the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, to the triumph of devolution under Tony Blair?s New Labour government in 1999 and the EU referendum of 2016. You will have the opportunity to develop your presentation and leadership skills by designing and running one of your seminar sessions as part of a group exercise.
Study the complex and contested history of 20th-century South Africa by focusing on the development, implementation, and aftermaths of the apartheid system of racial segregation and discrimination. You will study key themes including the aftermath of the 1899-1902 South African (`Boer?) War, the development of a distinctive Afrikaner identity during the 1920s and 30s, changing ideas about race and class, and the formal establishment of apartheid in 1948. Your studies will also consider aspects of social and cultural life under apartheid, for example the so-called `Drum? decade of the 1950s, and the roles and experiences of women, underpinned by a critical consideration of the historiography of gender in South Africa. You will also consider opposition to apartheid, and the formal end of apartheid and white minority rule in 1994. The module will conclude by considering developments in South Africa post-1994, focusing on political transformation, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the construction of `new nationalisms? and the writing of new histories.
Examine British political culture from 1918 to the present day. You will assess popular participation beyond the ballot box by examining the place of politics in the everyday lives of 20th and 21st century Britons. You will learn through weekly lectures and seminars that will introduce you to a range of relevant sources and build on your existing skills in finding additional digital material. The module will enable you to develop critical approaches in preparation for pursuing your own research interests.
Study the initial spread of communism after 1945 to the collapse of communism in the revolutions of 1989/90. You will explore the onset of the Cold War that led to the division of Europe into `West? and `East? by the `iron curtain?. Your studies will look at the communist monopoly of power and Soviet control over Eastern Europe, and the numerous challenges, upheavals and compromises it underwent between 1945 and 1989. In addition to high-profile popular challenges to the ruling authorities such as the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and the Prague Spring of 1968, this module will also see you consider the various reforms adopted, the increasing role of dissent, and some of the ways that people reacted to, reshaped and resisted communism in their everyday lives.
Examine the history of the sea, the seaside and the humans who have lived upon them since the beginning of modern globalisation in the mid-to-late-eighteenth century. You will also have the opportunity to consider the changing representation and imagination of the sea and sealife in popular culture and art.
Examine the history of Italy from the beginning of the country's national resurgence during the late 18th century to the present day. You will study the major political, economic, social and cultural developments of this history with a particular focus upon the themes of `continuity' and `change' from one period to another.
This module will examine the ways in which different kinds of public history - historic buildings and gardens, museums, writers' homes, industrial archaeology - reflect the diverse pasts of people in Britain. You will be equipped with the skills to analyse the processes which help and hinder historical changes, the commercial and policy pressures faced by heritage bodies, and changing legislation such as the 2010 Equalities Act. You will also develop skills in analysing these debates in order to apply your knowledge to particular sites and the interpretations of social history that they offer.
Explore the longer history of civil rights in the United States and Canada from the Civil War until today by studying a broad range of people including marginalised populations such as indigenous groups, women, children, and the LGBTQ community. You will study major themes in the history of race, ethnicity, and culture in North America, covering such topics as suffrage, eugenics, Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Black Zionism, Red Power, urban ghettos, music, Idle No More, and politics.
Consider the development of the criminal justice system during the 18th and 19th centuries. In particular you will explore the role that transportation to North America and Australia played in convicts' lives in that period. You will use the Old Bailey and Digital Panopticon online digital sources to explore convict lives across time and space.
Explore the origins of modern environmentalism, examining the development of ideas and beliefs about nature and its conservation on a worldwide scale over the past two centuries. You will study key themes and approaches in the relatively new field of environmental history. Major analytical issues that you will explore include cultural attitudes to nature, changing technologies, the environmental impacts of colonial expansion, increasing industrialization and urbanization, and political and legislative responses to environmental problems.
Gain hands-on experience of making public history by working in a small group on a discrete local history project commissioned by an external group or member of academic staff. Training workshops and tutorials will help guide you through the research process and the final outcome will be determined by each group in consultation with their sponsor. This module will reflect a growing interest in local communities about the places where they live, and will provide you with the opportunity to critically reflect on the skills you have developed and the public role of the historian.
Consider the social, political and cultural histories of Paris in the 19th century. Starting with Napoleon's demise in 1815, you will trace the rise and fall of the many political dynasties and systems which came and went in this period. You will then move on to looking at social and cultural change, as well as the developments in urban planning and infrastructure, all of which caused many to consider Paris the `Capital of the 19th Century.'
Study the role that the street has played since the mid-19th century in shaping our lives and identities. This module is concerned with the everyday lives of urban dwellers who used streets for work, leisure, travel, and living in its many legal and illegal ways. You will examine the different users of the street, and the changing representation of the street across our period. In addition to lectures and seminars, you will attend classes off-campus - on the streets and in the arcades with walking tours, in the city's public libraries and in museums. You will be introduced to the variety of primary sources that reveal the personality of a city's streets and activities, around which you will write assignments: photographs, film, maps, newspapers, testimonies, and the buildings and public spaces themselves.
By reflecting on learning acquired through work placements, this module will focus on promoting self-awareness of your ‘career story’. You will look at how you evaluate your current skills, explore the future possibilities in your career development and navigate pathways through those chosen possibilities. This module will enable you to become ‘cartographer’ of your own future experience. You will embark upon a minimum of 80 hours work placement, supported by reflective exercises, and build expertise and confidence through a range of assessments designed by the course team and employer partners. Conceptualised and designed by digital specialists, the module is purposefully created to be delivered and experienced online – reflecting the increasingly distributed nature of work communications and embracing digital environments as an integral aspect of how employees and the self-employed progress their careers.
This module will trace the history of British holidaymaking abroad by considering motives for and experiences of travel. You will evaluate changes in how travellers journeyed across two centuries, and explore notions including national identity, racial inequality, coming of age, gender and pilgrimage, which are enabled and challenged by foreign holidaying. Drawing on diaries, travel ephemera, journalism and instructive literature, you will study documents replete with accounts of Britishness, how to behave, what to see and do, the value of empire and the unpredictable nature of foreigners. You will also consider the ways in which encounters with other cultures and peoples are recorded, understood, and justified and in so doing understand how travel documents can reveal as much about British prejudices and perceptions as they reveal about the locations being visited.
Consider the question of what constitutes `national identity? and the relationship between cultural identities and the political questions of the day. This module will place the debate in historical context, exploring the emergence of a `United Kingdom? from the acts of union with Scotland and Ireland in 1707 and 1801 respectively to the partial disintegration of this union with the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, to the triumph of devolution under Tony Blair?s New Labour government in 1999 and the EU referendum of 2016. You will have the opportunity to develop your presentation and leadership skills by designing and running one of your seminar sessions as part of a group exercise.
Study the complex and contested history of 20th-century South Africa by focusing on the development, implementation, and aftermaths of the apartheid system of racial segregation and discrimination. You will study key themes including the aftermath of the 1899-1902 South African (`Boer?) War, the development of a distinctive Afrikaner identity during the 1920s and 30s, changing ideas about race and class, and the formal establishment of apartheid in 1948. Your studies will also consider aspects of social and cultural life under apartheid, for example the so-called `Drum? decade of the 1950s, and the roles and experiences of women, underpinned by a critical consideration of the historiography of gender in South Africa. You will also consider opposition to apartheid, and the formal end of apartheid and white minority rule in 1994. The module will conclude by considering developments in South Africa post-1994, focusing on political transformation, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the construction of `new nationalisms? and the writing of new histories.
Examine British political culture from 1918 to the present day. You will assess popular participation beyond the ballot box by examining the place of politics in the everyday lives of 20th and 21st century Britons. You will learn through weekly lectures and seminars that will introduce you to a range of relevant sources and build on your existing skills in finding additional digital material. The module will enable you to develop critical approaches in preparation for pursuing your own research interests.